Coalition Wars – Austerlitz 2005 http://austerlitz2005.com/ Wed, 18 May 2022 08:40:06 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://austerlitz2005.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-7-150x150.png Coalition Wars – Austerlitz 2005 http://austerlitz2005.com/ 32 32 What CPAC’s embrace of Viktor Orban says about the state of US politics https://austerlitz2005.com/what-cpacs-embrace-of-viktor-orban-says-about-the-state-of-us-politics/ Wed, 18 May 2022 08:40:06 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/what-cpacs-embrace-of-viktor-orban-says-about-the-state-of-us-politics/ A previous version of this rerun originally aired on June 23, 2021. CPAC, the largest and most influential assembly of American conservatives, holds its annual conference in Budapest, Hungary. And why? The conference will celebrate the far-right authoritarianism of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban. He will be the main speaker. So what parts of the […]]]>

A previous version of this rerun originally aired on June 23, 2021.


CPAC, the largest and most influential assembly of American conservatives, holds its annual conference in Budapest, Hungary. And why?

The conference will celebrate the far-right authoritarianism of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban. He will be the main speaker.

So what parts of the Orban playbook is America’s right wing already following?

“His alliance with the evangelical movement, his alliance with the militia movement. And all those Oath Keepers and Proud Boys and whatnot.”

“All of this means that in addition to the Republican Party organization, you have an entire civilian sector that is being mobilized to bring back autocracy.”

Today in an archive edition of To the point: As American conservatives gather for their conference in Budapest, we’ll learn more about why they’re coming together to hear Viktor Orban.

Guests

Jack Beatty, On Point news analyst. (@JackBeattyNPR)

Kim Scheppele, Professor of Sociology and International Affairs at Princeton University. Author of the forthcoming book Der Frankenstaat.

Also featured

Martha PardaviCo-Chair of the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, a leading human rights organization based in Budapest.

Interview Highlights

About Viktor Orban’s rise to power

Kim Scheppele: “Orban was just behind the university when the wall fell. And he kind of became famous in Hungary because he was one of the speakers at that huge rally when it was kind of clear that politics was changing in Hungary. And he went to the microphone and demanded the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Hungary, which looked incredibly brave at the time. And it kind of catapulted him onto the national scene. He had already founded this political party called Fidesz, in which he was really the only leader.

“And at the time of the transition, Orban and his colleagues all presented themselves as libertarians. You know, it was a young party. It was a party calling for everything communist to be thrown out. And they went into the first free and fair elections with that kind of branding. And they did pretty well in 1990. The problem is that by 1994 the luster of that particular brand had faded and Orban’s party was not doing so well. So when he was in opposition, he rebuilt the party. He purged it of all libertarians and took that sharp, hard turn to the right.

“When another national election was held in 1998, his party actually came first. So he was prime minister in 2000, but he actually became prime minister from 1998 to 2002. But he had to govern in coalition. So there were many signs in those four years that he could become dangerous if he ruled alone, but because he ruled in coalition he didn’t do anything as radical as he probably would have liked. He was defeated in 2002 and defeated again in 2006 .

“And while he was in opposition, he created a whole network of so-called ‘civic circles’ to increase his popularity across the country and support his political party. By the way, Hungary was going through the financial crisis, it was under an interim government, it was under an IMF austerity program, and in the 2000 elections Orban looked like the only sane and sane candidate who ran in this election.

“And he won. And he won by a narrow majority of the votes. But he got 67% of the seats in Parliament. In a system where a single two-thirds parliamentary majority could change everything about the constitution, it was this lineup that gave him the legal power to do what he did: shut down Hungarian democracy and also prevent him ever lose an election again.”

Orban’s political ideology

Kim Scheppele: “The public platform of his party could not be more different. Freedom for everyone, [to] freedom for no one. But there’s that kind of connection, which is that Orban still believes in freedom for himself. And so he refuses to be restricted by any law. It’s like a libertarian fantasy. That everything about the state can be changed according to your personal will.

“So in that sense, I don’t think Orban has really changed. You know, it’s a bit like after the Russian Revolution, when Lenin realized the world wasn’t going to be fully communist. So Lenin developed this theory of communism in one country, which led to everything we saw in the Soviet Union. Orban developed this theory of libertarianism in one person, namely that he is the only one who can act completely without constraints.”

On the parallels between Orban’s actions when he lost power and the GOP now

Kim Scheppele: “This is where I think we have the scariest parallels. So, when Orban was out of power, he pursued a two-pronged strategy. One was that he purged his party of anyone who was not personally loyal to him. So he built a party that only waited for an election when the main left parties would be weak. And that happened in 2010. And of course we have a two-party system in the US. So one cannot wish for one party to stay in power forever. One day the Republicans will come back.

“And the question is what the party looks like. And if it looks like Orban’s Fidesz party, where it’s really designed to support one person or support some kind of strongman at the top, then you’re in danger. But the other thing Orban did with these citizen circles was that he got involved in a kind of mass mobilization of civil society, and he often did that through the Hungarian churches, he mobilized their members, he attracted all of them they had already a pre-existing structure, he mobilized a kind of religious Hungarian bourgeoisie.

“And in doing so he developed a very reliable basis for his own party by feeding it many lines. As I mentioned, rewriting Hungarian history, developing a certain version of bourgeois patriotism, developing a kind of intolerance towards multiculturalism, and laying the groundwork for what became a sort of Fidesz platform when Orban came back the power came. So you see that’s what’s happening now with the Republican Party, their alliance with the evangelical movement, their alliance with other groups that are fomenting this kind of thing, and the militia movement. And all those Oath Keepers and proud boys etc. So all of this means that in addition to organizing the Republican Party you have an entire civilian sector mobilizing to bring back autocracy. ”

About lessons for the future of US democracy

Kim Scheppele: “It’s kind of a trademark of these autocrats that they try to distract the press. And unfortunately the press gets distracted. I mean… what is clickbait? The latest Trump tweet or the latest outrageous statement from Orban? But I think it’s important that we all stay tuned into what’s happening with the democratic institutions that are supposed to protect us. So we have to look below the surface and ask: Do we have functioning institutions that can stop an autocratic drive for power?

“And I worry that what I’ve seen in the US in Hungary is that all these institutions that I knew and loved and even worked in were conquered so easily when the public was distracted from other things. And culture wars, important as they are, and however hateful the rhetoric, and everyone must respond. But the culture wars very often distract from the kinds of checks and balances and important guard rails of democratic processes that we must keep intact for democracies to survive.”

READ: The Similarities (and Differences) Between Viktor Orban and Donald Trump by Kim Scheppele

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Why Israel Worshiped the F-4E Phantom Fighter https://austerlitz2005.com/why-israel-worshiped-the-f-4e-phantom-fighter/ Mon, 16 May 2022 18:09:36 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/why-israel-worshiped-the-f-4e-phantom-fighter/ The F-4E Phantom was a star in Israel’s Air Force: The beacon of the Israel Air Force’s combat fleet in the 1970s was the American F-4E Phantom, a twin-engine supersonic jet interceptor with tandem seats. Nicknamed the Kurnass (Hebrew for “heavy hammer”), this third-generation aircraft played a crucial role as Israel defended the gains made […]]]>

The F-4E Phantom was a star in Israel’s Air Force: The beacon of the Israel Air Force’s combat fleet in the 1970s was the American F-4E Phantom, a twin-engine supersonic jet interceptor with tandem seats.

Nicknamed the Kurnass (Hebrew for “heavy hammer”), this third-generation aircraft played a crucial role as Israel defended the gains made by its decisive victory in the 1967 Six-Day War. Regarded as the most advanced western jet designed for air-to-air combat, the F-4E Phantom significantly transformed the battlefield in the region.

The third Arab-Israeli war, fought between the newly established Jewish state and a coalition of its neighbors, had geopolitical consequences that would transform the region for years to come. The brief conflict resulted in a tripling of Israel, and this result was vehemently challenged by Egypt in the 1967-1970 war of attrition.

A unique air supplement

The first 50 F-4E Phantoms entered Israeli territory in 1969. They were extradited despite the Pentagon Evaluation that the sale would damage US-Arab relations and against the prospect of a US-Soviet agreement to limit arms sales to the region. Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s provocations essentially sealed US President Lyndon B. Johnson’s decision to sell the F-4E.

The first Phantom fleet arrived in Israel at the height of the 20th century war of attrition in 1969. The Israeli Air Force immediately integrated the fleet into its mission to take over Egyptian air defenses along the Suez Canal. The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) platform set altitude, 16-speed and time records, making it one versatile and menacing addition to the Luftwaffe’s aircraft arsenal. The aircraft’s suppression of air defenses and its fleet attack and defense missions would prove crucial in the battle along the Channel. The IAF used the Phantom’s long-range radar and AIM-7 Sparrow radar-guided missiles to successfully thwart Egypt and its Soviet arms suppliers.

The Phantom’s advanced capabilities allowed Israeli pilots to execute tactics that ultimately led to the downing of around 100 Egyptian MiG fighters during the War of Attrition. Synced operation rim 20, The aerial “bear trap” enabled by the IAF’s Phantom Fleet remains one of the most celebrated strategies in Israeli military history. Similar to Operation Bolo in the Vietnam War, rim 20 began laying the bait: four armed, French-made Mirage III jets teamed up to simulate a reconnaissance mission normally performed by two unarmed Mirage III jets. Meanwhile, other Mirages along with a fleet of F-4 Phantoms flew undetected along the Sinai border. When Soviet fighters helping the Egyptians took the bait, they did attacked through the barrage of Phantoms and other fighters firing from below.

The IAF’s strategic superiority over Egypt, made possible in part by its F-4 Phantom fleet, ultimately eclipsed the Egyptian military’s numerical advantage. The Phantom Fleet was intended to support the Israeli Air Force in the 1973 Yom Kippur Wars. Although the Kurnass Phantoms were retired in 2004, they remain a revered part of Israeli military history. Without the victories of the Phantom Fleet in the 1970s, Israel would be very different today.

Maya Carlin is the Middle East Defense Editor at 19FortyFive. She is also an Analyst at the Center for Security Policy and a former Anna Sobol Levy Fellow at IDC Herzliya in Israel. She has bylines in many publications including The National Interest, Jerusalem Post and Times of Israel.

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How “Just a Dude” Became the Senate Frontrunner in Shorts https://austerlitz2005.com/how-just-a-dude-became-the-senate-frontrunner-in-shorts/ Sat, 14 May 2022 16:58:30 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/how-just-a-dude-became-the-senate-frontrunner-in-shorts/ Public polls in Pennsylvania have been sparse and there is theoretically still time to turn the Democratic race on its head. So far, however, there is little evidence that issues with his past or person have dampened enthusiasm for Mr. Fetterman among many Democratic primary voters. Understand the Pennsylvania area code The key swing state […]]]>

Public polls in Pennsylvania have been sparse and there is theoretically still time to turn the Democratic race on its head. So far, however, there is little evidence that issues with his past or person have dampened enthusiasm for Mr. Fetterman among many Democratic primary voters.

He ran unsuccessfully for the Senate in 2016 but built a loyal following, and after defeating an incumbent to win his party’s nomination for lieutenant governor, he has been a visible nationwide presence in office. He had garnered national attention as mayor of Braddock, a struggling former steel town that he helped revitalize. But he garnered renewed attention as a cable TV set when Pennsylvania’s 2020 votes were tallied.

His campaign had an overwhelming fundraising advantage, a lead in television advertising, and early entry into the race. Rep. Conor Lamb — the polished western Pennsylvania moderate who has become his closest rival — entered the race later and garnered notable institutional support, but has struggled to gain ground nationally or to effectively negatively define Mr. Fetterman.

As he made the rounds of The Holy Hound on Thursday night, attendees clamored for selfies and offered him fries or a beer – Mr. Fetterman, who often hosts campaign rallies at breweries and bars, ruefully declined. “Damn yes!” he replied to a young participant who asked for a photo. He thanked another supporter who had already voted to be “triple awesome.”

“I feel like I could have a beer with Fetterman and we’d get along really well,” said Robert Keebler, 45, a union activist in suburban Pittsburgh.

Mr. Fetterman is widely regarded as a progressive candidate who promotes issues such as raising the minimum wage, legalizing marijuana, and others eliminate the filibusterand fight for voting rights, abortion rights and protections for LGBTQ people.

“Some people will say, ‘The Democrats! The Culture Battles! What are you going to do?’ I say, ‘Bring it on!’” said Mr. Fetterman in York. “If you’re having fun or inspiring your constituents by bullying gay and transgender children, you know it’s time for a new field of work.”

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103-year-old woman who defied Mussolini wants her Austrian passport back https://austerlitz2005.com/103-year-old-woman-who-defied-mussolini-wants-her-austrian-passport-back/ Thu, 12 May 2022 17:56:41 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/103-year-old-woman-who-defied-mussolini-wants-her-austrian-passport-back/ A brave woman who refused to accept that she had to speak Italian when Austria lost South Tyrol to fascists after World War I has said she wants her Austrian citizenship back before she dies. Hermine Orian’s residential area was taken from Austria and handed over to Italy with the Treaty of London in 1915 […]]]>

A brave woman who refused to accept that she had to speak Italian when Austria lost South Tyrol to fascists after World War I has said she wants her Austrian citizenship back before she dies.

Hermine Orian’s residential area was taken from Austria and handed over to Italy with the Treaty of London in 1915 in order to persuade Italy to join the Allies in the war.

Until 1918 it belonged to the Austro-Hungarian Principality of Tyrol, but this almost entirely German-speaking area was occupied by Italy at the end of the war in November 1918 and annexed by the Kingdom of Italy in 1919.

In the 1920s and 30s, the fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, who came to power in 1922, organized a mass movement of Italians into the region and the use of German was banned in schools and official buildings, including courts and public offices.

Hermine Orian, 103, from the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol in Italy, is fighting for Austrian citizenship and says she wants to die Austrian.
Andreas Hofer, Bund für Tirol AHBT/Zenger

Even German place names were changed to make them sound more Italian.

The German-speaking Orian, who was then a schoolgirl, risked her life by contesting this ruling and joining a network of underground schools known as “catacomb schools” where German could still be taught to children of local families.

The now 100-year-old, the last surviving catacomb school teacher, now faces one final battle – obtaining Austrian citizenship, because all she wants is “to die as an Austrian”.

The secret schools, like the one she worked at, were established illegally during the Fascist Italianization period of the 1920s.

German classes were banned nationwide by the federal government in 1923.

Only after the end of the Second World War in 1945 was Orian officially allowed to work as a teacher.

The South Tyrolean told the Austrian daily Kronen Zeitung: “For my 103rd birthday I have only one wish: to become an Austrian citizen. I was born Austrian and I want to die Austrian.”

The catacomb school network was organized and funded by patriotic clergymen and lawyers. Their main tasks were to provide books and to find suitable places such as cellars, stables and out-of-the-way shacks belonging to the movement’s supporters.

Orian was one of around 200 catacomb school teachers. At the age of 13 she joined her undercover network.

Catacomb lessons in Italy
A secret German lesson in a “catacomb school” on a South Tyrolean farm in Italy around 1927.
Zenger

Orian has received various awards recognizing her passion and determination in promoting and preserving her native German language in the region.

Orian was born Hermine Aloisia Mair on April 29, 1919 in Kurtatsch, a municipality about 26 km southwest of the South Tyrolean capital of Bozen.

Today the great-grandmother, who is in good physical condition despite her advanced age, lives in Schenna, a small town around 26 kilometers north-west of Bolzano.

South Tyrol is an autonomous Italian province bordering Austria. Around 62 percent of the 532,000 inhabitants state German as their mother tongue. Italian is the mother tongue of only 23 percent of South Tyroleans.

Peter Wurm from the right-wing Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) said: “Becoming an Austrian citizen has become a gift for people from all over the world. The government has acted as if this precious gift was worth nothing.

“However, she refuses to recognize the merits of a respected citizen. That’s outrageous. She has been a part of our people for decades.

“The Austrian legislator should express our gratitude for Ms. Orian’s achievements by granting her an Austrian passport.”

Orian also received support from the Andreas-Hofer-Bund (AHB), a patriotic association named after Andreas Hofer, a landlord and leader of the Tyrolean uprising against invading Napoleonic troops during the Fifth Coalition War in 1809, a conflict of the Tyrolean Napoleonic Wars.

The AHB said in a statement: “This courageous woman has made enormous sacrifices. Your commitment prevented the erasure of the South Tyrolean cultural heritage intended by the fascists.”

The organization called on Chancellor Karl Nehammer of the Conservative People’s Party (ÖVP) and Federal President Alexander Van der Bellen to act.

The current Austrian coalition government of the ÖVP and the Greens has shown no intention of changing current citizenship regulations.

Italian citizens with German as their mother tongue living in South Tyrol cannot acquire dual citizenship of Italy and Austria.

The previous ÖVP-FPÖ government had expressed its intention to “rethink” the dual state law. It set up a committee of experts to consider options on the matter. However, the current ÖVP-Green coalition has put the matter on hold.

This story was provided to Newsweek by Zenger News.

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Pandemic years have hit teens hard, especially in DuPage County. But there is reason for hope. – Chicago Tribune https://austerlitz2005.com/pandemic-years-have-hit-teens-hard-especially-in-dupage-county-but-there-is-reason-for-hope-chicago-tribune/ Tue, 10 May 2022 17:36:00 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/pandemic-years-have-hit-teens-hard-especially-in-dupage-county-but-there-is-reason-for-hope-chicago-tribune/ Rarely has an entire population of young people collectively suffered from what is known as an adverse childhood experience, or ACE, a traumatic event with potentially lasting effects on mental and physical health. It is safe to say that the COVID-19 pandemic is the latest negative experience of many people, following historic events such as […]]]>

Rarely has an entire population of young people collectively suffered from what is known as an adverse childhood experience, or ACE, a traumatic event with potentially lasting effects on mental and physical health.

It is safe to say that the COVID-19 pandemic is the latest negative experience of many people, following historic events such as the September 11 attacks, the Great Depression, and both world wars. Typically, ACEs are experienced individually or within families, such as B. Domestic violence, neglect and parents who divorce, die or abuse drugs.

While the immediate effects of such experiences can be sudden, traumatic, and disruptive, the more far-reaching effects are less well known and are slowly becoming apparent. Many adults cite ACEs as the cause of personal and lifelong challenges.

More recently, COVID-19 has led to a rise in depression, anxiety, and suicide and attempted suicide, disrupting normal child development and overwhelming mental health providers. The rate of depression among DuPage County youth prior to the pandemic was already twice the national average of 15.7% for youth, as reported in the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

The 2021 data from the DuPage County Crisis Text Line illustrates the seriousness and breadth of people’s concerns. The themes reported in 573 interviews and by 278 copywriters were anxiety/stress (38.3%), depression/sadness (30.7%), relationships (30.7%), suicide (27.2%), isolation/loneliness (15.2%) and self-harm (12.9%).

However, the DuPage County Prevention Leadership Team found hopeful signs in the results of its 2021 COVID-19 Teen Impact Survey. While more than half of the 158 middle and high school students who responded said the pandemic had negatively impacted their mental health, others did say they have found ways to deal with it and have good support systems. The Prevention Leadership Team, an extension of the DuPage County Health Department, is a coalition of community leaders from various sectors working to prevent drug use and promote the mental well-being of youth ages 18 and younger in DuPage County.

Another encouraging note: According to survey results, the pandemic has not necessarily impacted substance use among youth, although this finding may be skewed. Local shelter and social distancing likely reduced access to alcohol and drugs, as well as friends and the propensity to drink together — at least for a time.

While drug use among young people in DuPage County has declined since 2014, both drug use and mental health remain of concern. Data collected from the 2020 Illinois Youth Survey for DuPage County shows the following:

• 36% of high school seniors reported having consumed alcohol in the past 30 days.

• 19% of seniors reported using marijuana in the past 30 days.

• 18% of seniors reported using e-cigarettes in the last 30 days.

• 2% of seniors reported using prescription drugs not prescribed for them in the last 30 days.

• 28% of eighth graders, 33% of second graders, and 31% of seniors said they felt depressed in the past year. Nationwide, 17% of teens reported feeling depressed, according to the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

In addition, we must not lose sight of the long-term implications that are yet to emerge and the importance of proactive care. Of particular concern is the strong association between substance use and mental health. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, more than half of people who have a mental disorder also have a co-occurring substance use problem, and vice versa.

Unfortunately, some disorders become more easily inflamed once they begin, such as depression and bipolar disorder. If it reoccurs, there’s a chance that a substance use problem is also developing, even if it wasn’t initially. We should be aware of this and judge it when it is appropriate.

As our lives settle into a new normal, we should be aware and prepare for negative experiences that will inevitably affect our youth. That’s part of life. Let’s hope the next adverse event doesn’t have the magnitude of COVID-19 and is decades – if not eons – away.

Sarah Breithaupt is a clinical consultant and a member of the DuPage County Prevention Leadership Team.

Send a letter of no more than 400 words to the editor here or E-Mail letters@chicagotribune.com.

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Boris Johnson is attempting to regain initiative with a new legislative programme https://austerlitz2005.com/boris-johnson-is-attempting-to-regain-initiative-with-a-new-legislative-programme/ Sun, 08 May 2022 21:33:03 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/boris-johnson-is-attempting-to-regain-initiative-with-a-new-legislative-programme/ Boris Johnson will this week seek to revive his faltering government with a new legislative program designed to show he has ideas to improve voters’ lives after the Conservative Party’s dismal local election results. The Prime Minister is facing calls from Tory colleagues for a special focus on winning back voters in the so-called ‘blue […]]]>

Boris Johnson will this week seek to revive his faltering government with a new legislative program designed to show he has ideas to improve voters’ lives after the Conservative Party’s dismal local election results.

The Prime Minister is facing calls from Tory colleagues for a special focus on winning back voters in the so-called ‘blue wall’ following a disastrous performance by the party in London, southern England and Scotland.

Despite losing around 400 seats across Britain in local elections, Johnson has nonetheless secured some political breathing space: there was no immediate clamor from Tory MPs for him to resign.

Indeed, Sir Keir Starmer’s troubles with “Beergate,” a police investigation into a beer and curry night attended by the Labor Party leader during lockdown in Durham last year, have boosted Johnson’s confidence that he can turn a political page .

On Tuesday, Johnson will present legislation for the third, crucial parliamentary session of 2022-23 in the Queen’s speech. After this session, the next elections will come into view.

Downing Street is expected to prioritize bills it believes will have an impact on the election, including a leveling and renewal bill designed to breathe new life into faded city centres.

A Schools Act aims to raise educational standards in England, including helping schools join multi-academy trusts, introducing out-of-school registers and giving Ofsted, the education regulator, more powers to crack down on illegally operated ones to take action against unregistered schools.

Other legislation includes a bill creating a new regulatory framework for UK railways; a measure to speed up the repeal of EU law from the UK bill; and a Financial Services Act that introduces post-Brexit regulation to capitalize on new areas, including cryptocurrencies.

Among the surprise measures set to be included is a short bill on electronic trade documents, which follows work by the independent Judicial Commission, which found this year that global trade generates billions of paper documents annually, at great cost to businesses.

“The potential positive impacts of using electronic trade documents – including financial and efficiency gains as well as environmental benefits – are enormous,” the Commission said.

“Despite the size and sophistication of this market, many of its processes and underlying laws are based on practices developed by traders hundreds of years ago,” it said, adding that most documents used in international trade are still in paper form present .

The bill, sponsored by digital secretary Nadine Dorries, aims to support the move to digital-based transactions, aiming to save UK businesses at least £1.7 billion a year, according to officials briefed on the measure.

Dominic Raab, Deputy Prime Minister, denied the Queen’s speech would be a ‘fresh start’ moment but said: ‘We will be talking about reforming the agricultural sector, about innovating to create cheaper, healthier food.

“We’re going to talk about areas where the UK has a real comparative advantage, technology, financial services,” he told Sky News.

However, the Queen’s speech is unlikely to change Johnson’s fate; The deepening economic crisis and its impact on living standards are likely to dominate politics leading up to the general elections, which are due to be held by 2024.

Last week’s Council results have sparked alarm among Tory MPs across the South as Labor grabbed former Conservative strongholds in London of Wandsworth, Westminster and Barnet.

Meanwhile, the Liberal Democrats have been the main beneficiaries of a collapse in Tory support further south; The party gained control of Somerset and Woking. In the affluent London Borough of Richmond, the Tories were left with just one of 54 seats.

“Boris has poisoned the Tory party,” said a senior Conservative MP representing a southern constituency. “Brexit was the start of that – people don’t forget things like that.

“They also believe he lied to secure Brexit, so the Partygate affair has reinforced the notion that he cannot be trusted. And people don’t like the culture war, like sending migrants to Rwanda,” they added.

Damian Green, a former cabinet minister, wrote in the Sunday Telegraph that Johnson was ignoring “the uneasiness of the South” at his peril and warned that the policies of the split were alienating middle-class voters.

He said Southern Conservatives “want a government that seeks to unite society and resists the urge to declare culture wars on institutions like the judiciary or the BBC. They believe that conservatism involves respect for institutions, not a revolutionary desire to crush them.”

At the same time, some Southern Tory MPs believe Johnson’s “leveling-up” agenda sounds like Northern policy and that their constituents feel neglected, according to South West Devon MP Gary Streeter.

But Johnson must tighten his grip on newly won Tory seats in the North and Midlands if he is to remain in power; Holding together a coalition that includes seats like Hartlepool in the north east and Guildford in the south will be a challenge.

Meanwhile, Cabinet ministers and Tory MPs are increasing pressure on Johnson and his Chancellor, Rishi Sunak, to cut taxes to ease the cost-of-living crisis.

Sunak wrote in the Mail on Sunday: “I know many families are still struggling with the cost of living and we will do everything we can to help people with their energy bills in the autumn when we will know more about prices then be.

“We will do everything we can to ease the pressure on families.”

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NONTOBEKO HLELA – Memo to the Global South: It is time to restart the Non-Aligned Movement https://austerlitz2005.com/nontobeko-hlela-memo-to-the-global-south-it-is-time-to-restart-the-non-aligned-movement/ Fri, 06 May 2022 18:39:15 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/nontobeko-hlela-memo-to-the-global-south-it-is-time-to-restart-the-non-aligned-movement/ Download PDFprint article On the trail of capital flight from Africa continues pioneering work started much earlier. The editors – Leonce Ndikumana and James Boyce – estimate that sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has lost more than $2 trillion to capital flight over the past half century. SSA currently loses US$65 billion annually – more than annual […]]]>
Download PDFprint article

On the trail of capital flight from Africa continues pioneering work started much earlier. The editors – Leonce Ndikumana and James Boyce – estimate that sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has lost more than $2 trillion to capital flight over the past half century. SSA currently loses US$65 billion annually – more than annual official development assistance (ODA) inflows. The book’s studies carefully examine the exploitation of natural resources – of South African minerals, Ivorian cocoa and Angolan oil and diamonds.

Such forensic country analyzes are crucial to better control capital flight. Outflows from the three countries have been massive since the 1980s: US$103 billion from Angola, US$55 billion from Ivory Coast and US$329 billion from South Africa in 2018 dollars.

Capital flight was much more than cumulative foreign debt. Annual outflows ranged from 3.3% to 5.3% of national income. Nigeria, South Africa and Angola account for the largest outflows from SSA, with Côte d’Ivoire in seventh place.

resource boom

As governments derive more revenue from natural resources, the fiscal “social contract” is being eroded. When people pay taxes, they expect government spending to benefit the community. But with more revenue from resources — via state monopolies, royalties, and taxes — governments become less accountable to their own citizens.

Obtaining and maintaining access to foreign credit has similar implications. Developing country governments then focus on insinuating themselves with friendly foreign donor governments to receive ODA and improve their credit ratings.

Hence, such regimes have less political need to provide “public goods” including services, let alone accelerate social progress. Thus, the erosion of the fiscal “social contract” undermines not only the public good but also state legitimacy.

To secure power, ruling cliques often rely on “clientelism”—patronage, or patron-client relationships—typically at the regional, ethnic, tribal, religious, or sectarian level. Their regimes inevitably provoke dissent – including oppositional ethnopopulism and civil unrest, even armed insurrection.

Not surprisingly, such regimes believe their choices are limited. Another option is repression – which typically increases when the status quo is threatened. The resulting sense of insecurity spreads from the public to the elite, exacerbating capital flight.

The exploitation of valuable natural resources not only generates export revenue but also attracts foreign investment. One result is ‘Dutch disease’ as the national currency appreciates – reducing other exports and jobs and inevitably hurting development prospects.

Huge private fortunes were thus made and illegally transferred abroad. Ruling elites and their allies rarely rely solely on the state or the market to get richer. The book shows how the state and the market strengthen private and personal power and influence.

plunder of Africa

The book’s case studies show how resource extraction was at the heart of capital flight. In all three countries, the effectiveness of fiscal policy tools, particularly those used to encourage investment in development, has been undermined.

Outflows have increased with economic liberalization as unrecorded financial outflows – via the checking account – increase with freer trade. Thus, trade-related financial transactions enable corruption and capital flight.

In Côte d’Ivoire – the world’s largest cocoa producer – rents originally came from supply chains linking farmers to consumers. Corrupt partnerships—connections between domestic elites and foreign corporations—were crucial to such arrangements.

Thus, exports of natural resource commodities have enabled illicit capital flows. Ivorian cocoa exports have been consistently underreported – with trade statistics from major importers showing massive under-accounting by exporters.

Postcolonial political settlements have given a few privileged access to resource rents. With capital flight thus enabled, successive Ivorian regimes have been less compelled to spend more on development or public welfare.

Due to the cocoa boom, the post-colonial “Ivorian miracle” ended with falling prices. The bankruptcy triggered a political crisis that culminated in civil war. However, the crisis also meant that the country was no longer able to service its foreign debt.

In Angola, too, natural resources aggravated the protracted civil wars. After these ruinous conflicts, oil rents enriched the triumphant crony regime. This allowed control to gain control of more, even as most Angolans continued to live in poverty.

The small elite of cronies around the president benefited most from Angola’s massive oil exports. They failed to develop economies or improve most lives. All of this has been made possible by “helpful” professionals who have benefited from it.

While Angola’s “oil curse” benefits its elite and foreign transnationals, it has blocked balanced and sustainable development of its economy. Despite the rapid depletion of its oil reserves, Angola and most Angolans have benefited little.

South Africa – the second largest economy in SSA after Nigeria – appears to be less dependent on natural resources. Post-apartheid economic liberalization has enabled capital flight as private corporate interests – notably the influential mineral-energy complex – quickly benefited from the new exemption.

By under-invoicing their exports, mineral interests have been involved in massive capital flight and tax evasion. Meanwhile, business cronies have enriched themselves in new ways, such as in the state electricity sector. Such abuses were exposed by the Gupta family scandal that led to the ousting of then-President Jacob Zuma.

curb capital flight

State capture by politically influential nationals has undermined the government’s regulatory capacity with the help of transnational enablers. Alleged ‘good governance’ reforms have enabled capital flight and tax evasion – by undermining ‘development governance’, including prudential regulation.

Institutional environments, mechanisms and enablers facilitate capital flight, tax evasion and wealth accumulation abroad. With often complex, varied, and changing facilitations, capital flight has shifted massive wealth abroad for elites.

Transnational financial networks have facilitated capital outflows – at the expense of productive investment, good jobs and social welfare. Capital flight has worsened financing, including fiscal shortfalls – exacerbating associated social disadvantages.

Wealth creation enriches the economic pie, but distribution depends on who appropriates it. A better understanding of these diverse and ever-changing appropriation relationships is critical to effectively stemming this bleeding.

Greater awareness should inspire and inform better policies to curb capital flight from the Global South. Instead of the Washington Consensus mantra of “good governance”, a development governance agenda is needed.

Therefore, curbing capital flight is crucial to financing sustainable development. Tackling capital flight and related abuses – such as trade misbilling, money laundering, tax evasion and the acquisition of public assets by elites – requires well-coordinated efforts at the national and international levels.

All researchers, policymakers, and regulators will benefit from the book’s forensic analysis of financial, tax, and other abuses. International financial institutions now have little excuse to continue facilitating the capital flight and tax evasion that still bleeds the global South dry.

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The Kansas-Missouri Border War Isn’t Over Yet | Guest Comments https://austerlitz2005.com/the-kansas-missouri-border-war-isnt-over-yet-guest-comments/ Tue, 03 May 2022 20:15:00 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/the-kansas-missouri-border-war-isnt-over-yet-guest-comments/ Missouri and Kansas are no strangers to border disputes. No, we’re not talking about the chaos that inspired The Outlaw Josey Wales. The fear today is for cross-border job poachers. However, that doesn’t justify giving Fidelity Security Life Insurance $12.7 million just to stay in Kansas City. No one gets a gold medal in a […]]]>

Missouri and Kansas are no strangers to border disputes. No, we’re not talking about the chaos that inspired The Outlaw Josey Wales. The fear today is for cross-border job poachers. However, that doesn’t justify giving Fidelity Security Life Insurance $12.7 million just to stay in Kansas City. No one gets a gold medal in a race down – but politicians will waste endless taxpayer dollars trying to tell you they “win”.

Fidelity’s new headquarters – less than a mile from its current location – will be luxurious. The property is the most desirable in the metropolitan area, overlooking green spaces at Penn Valley Park and Union Cemetery and on a ‘transit hub’ of the expanded streetcar route. A third of the office space will be rented at the highest price in the area – more than double the average price for Class A office space. The building will occupy less than half the site, allowing for another high-rise in the future.

But should the public fund a project that predominantly benefits one company? What if the company was likely to be successful without subsidies? And why are local leaders even considering subsidizing these types of projects?

The answer won’t surprise you: it’s just a sad symptom of the larger problem illustrated by border-hopping companies. Kansas City politicians may have worried that if they didn’t offer subsidies, Fidelity might be stolen from a suburb, much like they nearly poached Waddel & Reed of Overland Park, Kansas.

There are hopeful signs that everyone is fed up with these border wars. In 2019 and 2020, city and state leaders took first steps to curb subsidy abuse. The two state governors agreed to end subsidies that lured businesses across the state line, and then Kansas City reduced its own subsidy program to reflect what the Kansas suburbs were offering. However, more remains to be done.

Denver offers a good example of escaping a metropolitan economic war. Since 1987, the mayors of communities around the city have met every month to ensure they are working together to grow the economy together, rather than undercutting one another.

It is important to move forward with similar ideas along the Missouri-Kansas border for several reasons.

First, subsidies generally hurt local economies. Every dollar spent on a subsidy cannot be spent on social security benefits or broad-based tax cuts for all businesses. This results in negative economic impacts that rarely outweigh the projected benefits of the funded project. Worse, only one in eight subsidies is material to changing a company’s decision about where to locate or expand, as Kansas City recently discovered with BlueScope Construction’s empty threat of relocating to Kansas. That means most subsidy spending is a waste.

Second, existing subsidy reforms in Missouri and Kansas are tenuous and temporary. Kansas participation in the armistice is subject to an executive order, meaning it is only as permanent as the goodwill of the next governor. The Missouri Olive Branch is a bit more robust as it was implemented by law, but the law expires in 2025. Also, the agreement has limited, but not completely eliminated, the subsidies that local governments can offer.

Third, this is a national problem. State and local governments squander $100 billion each year in anti-growth competition for jobs. However, a growing coalition of policymakers is working to develop an interstate compact — a more elaborate and permanent version of the Missouri-Kansas “gentlemen’s agreement” — that would offer a lasting solution.

Both states have good reason to join, because without a more holistic and lasting deal, the border war will almost certainly start all over again.

David Stokes is Director of Local Policy at the Show-Me Institute and Michael Farren is a Senior Research Fellow at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University.



About Opinions in the Missourian: The Missourian Opinion Department is a public forum for the discussion of ideas. The views presented in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Missourian or the University of Missouri. If you would like to contribute to the Opinion Page with an answer or your own original topic, visit our submission form.


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Each stable & tag team that Scott Steiner was a part of, ranked from worst to best https://austerlitz2005.com/each-stable-tag-team-that-scott-steiner-was-a-part-of-ranked-from-worst-to-best/ Sun, 01 May 2022 22:00:00 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/each-stable-tag-team-that-scott-steiner-was-a-part-of-ranked-from-worst-to-best/ Whether fans know him as Big Poppa Pump with “Steiner Math” or alongside his brother Rick as the Steiner Brothers, Scott Steiner has impacted the professional wrestling industry. Over several decades and through most major promotions, Steiner has carved out a solid career for himself that has now morphed into Hall of Fame-worthy recognition. RELATED: […]]]>

Whether fans know him as Big Poppa Pump with “Steiner Math” or alongside his brother Rick as the Steiner Brothers, Scott Steiner has impacted the professional wrestling industry. Over several decades and through most major promotions, Steiner has carved out a solid career for himself that has now morphed into Hall of Fame-worthy recognition.

RELATED: 10 Worst Things Scott Steiner Has Done (In Wrestling)

Despite his success as a single star, Steiner’s most impressive stints as a wrestler were one tag team. While some were prolific and enhanced his career, there were also some smaller ones that didn’t enhance his career. Both the great and the not-so-great will happen in his career.

11 Scott Steiner & Test

When two wrestlers fight over one another’s affections, it rarely results in a good act. Unfortunately, the Scott Steiner and Test saga in which they feuded over Stacy Keibler was a direct example of this. What made it worse was that not only did they fight over her like a piece of property, they also teamed up several times before and after the feud.

Neither Steiner nor Test looked good during this inter-team rivalry as both appeared very misogynistic during the process. Combine that with the fact that both men ended up being the other’s servants due to game regulations, and there was little chance either one would end up looking good when all was said and done.

10 Scott Steiner & Eli Drake

Muddled tag teams sometimes have the advantage of being very successful when done with the right wrestlers at the right time. Unfortunately, that’s not always the case, and these teams sometimes struggle to navigate, especially when they don’t have a chance to succeed or are only together for a short time.

RELATED: Every version of Scott Steiner, ranked from worst to best

When Scott Steiner was announced as Eli Drake’s partner at Impact Wrestling’s 2018 Redemption event, fans didn’t know what to think of the fortuitous pairing. While the pair won the Impact Tag Team Championship in their first appearance, they quickly lost it just two games later, after which they fell out.


DASSPORTSTER VIDEO OF THE DAY

9 The Millionaires Club

One of the main reasons WCW was defeated in the Monday Night Wars was its reliance on aging talent rather than focusing on newer and younger stars. In an art that imitates life, WCW worked this issue into a storyline in the form of The Millionaire’s Club vs. the New Blood faction.

Scott Steiner was one of the members of the Millionaire’s Club alongside faces like Hulk Hogan and Ric Flair who tried to dismantle younger talent trying to climb the promotion. Despite all the hubbub surrounding the faction war, the team only lasted three months before it all fell apart.

8th Scott Steiner & Petey Williams

If imitation is the sincerest form of flattery, then former Impact Wrestling X-Division Champion Scott Steiner paid an incredible tribute. Williams, who dubbed himself Little Poppa Pump and came to the ring for several weeks in 2008 in Steiner’s signature chain mail attire, was trying to reinvent himself after several years with the same gimmick.

RELATED: Scott Steiner’s career told in photos, through the years

While they initially bickered over the gimmick, they eventually hooked up for several months. While they wouldn’t accomplish much in terms of moving up the tag team ranks, it was still a fun way for Steiner to show his comedic side during his Impact Wrestling stint. Finally, in 2019, they would also add Jordynne Grace to the mix as Little Momma Pump.

7 Scott Steiner & Booker T

Within the Main Event Mafia, there were a few breakout couples within the faction who ended up achieving things outside of the group. Despite their previous feud in WCW, Scott Steiner and Booker T put aside their differences during their Impact Wrestling careers to form an easily successful tag team.

In 2009, they were able to win the Impact Tag Team Championship from one of the company’s most prolific tag teams, Beer Money. Steiner didn’t win many championships during his Impact Wrestling stints, and this championship run with his former rival was his first.


6 Christian’s coalition

Scott Steiner’s introduction to Impact Wrestling in 2007 put him squarely on the NWA World Heavyweight Championship scene, right alongside Champion Christian Cage. Listed as his specialty trainer, Steiner was responsible for Cage having a long run as champion and together with Tomko they formed Christian’s Coalition.

RELATED: 8 Things You Didn’t Know About Scott Steiner’s Run in TNA

After years as a fixture in WWE and WCW, Steiner was trying to make his mark in a new promotion. By starting Impact so big, he quickly rose to the top of the map and solidified himself as a force to still be reckoned with.

5 The glory seven

After his first-ever win at the WCW World Heavyweight Championship in 2001, Steiner was finally at the top of the game at one of the biggest corporations in the world. To further cement himself as one of the top wrestlers, he became an integral part of Ric Flair’s Magnificent Seven stable.

Along with other members like his brother Rick and Le Luger, they wanted to rule the promotion with Steiner as champion. Unfortunately, although the group showed promise, the group disbanded after the announcement that WWE would be buying the promotion.

4 Immortal

When it comes to faction warfare at Impact Wrestling, the feud between Immortal and Fortune took up most of the airtime in 2011. Immortal – led by Hulk Hogan and Eric Bishcoff – was the dominant faction and featured many of the company’s top stars, even controlling the TNA World Heavyweight Championship during their time as a group.

RELATED: TNA’s Immortal: The 5 Best (& 5 Worst) Members

Although Scott Steiner hasn’t accomplished much himself as a member of the stable, his name is still associated with the very dominant group. While Steiner was never able to hold a World Championship outside of WCW, his affiliation with the group brought him solid success during his time there.


3 New world order

There’s no denying the impact the New World Order had on professional wrestling, and its legacy lives on as one of WCW’s greatest creative victories. Beginning in 1996, the nWo continued to grow throughout the company’s history, eventually including not only most of the company’s members, but also offshoot groups.

In addition to being one of the members of the original nWo group, Scott Steiner ended up in most of the group’s iterations, including nWo Hollywood, Wolfpac Elite, and 2000 groups. In his foray into WCW’s main event scene, Steiner eventually led the nWo Hollywood group for a period and cemented himself as a top star.

2 The Main Event Mafia

When it comes to Scott Steiner’s most successful run during his many stints with Impact Wrestling, his stint as a member of The Main Event Mafia was his highlight. Alongside some of Impact’s most elite members, Steiner was part of the most dominant group the company had ever seen.

With Kurt Angle, Sting, Samoa Joe, Booker T and Kevin Nash at the height of their power, they had a stranglehold on every active championship in the company. With so many stars in the group, every single member had a chance to shine, and Steiner looked like a true star as a member of this group.

1 The Steiner brothers

When it comes to career accomplishments, one cannot avoid mentioning his longtime team with his brother Rick Steiner. With incredible runs across numerous promotions, including the most tag team championships in WCW history, the Steiner Brothers have a legitimate claim to being one of the greatest tag teams in history.

While both Scott and Rick achieved some success as single stars in their careers, the most important parts of their story were when they worked together. No matter what would happen in their careers or how their bodies would change, they were always able to reunite and rule the tag team division at any point in their careers.


10 Great Tag Team Wrestlers Who Flopped As Singles Stars

10 Great Tag Team Wrestlers Who Flopped As Singles Stars

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Election diary: Moonboots, poster wars and bookmakers’ favorites Newcastle Herald https://austerlitz2005.com/election-diary-moonboots-poster-wars-and-bookmakers-favorites-newcastle-herald/ Fri, 29 Apr 2022 08:10:56 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/election-diary-moonboots-poster-wars-and-bookmakers-favorites-newcastle-herald/ Michael Parris covers politics for the Newcastle Herald. He joined the Herald in 1994 after working in the newsroom at ABC Newcastle. Michael spent much of his career as a sub-editor before moving into political reporting in 2017. He was a finalist in Sports Australia’s national media awards for his coverage of a men-only tennis […]]]>

Michael Parris covers politics for the Newcastle Herald. He joined the Herald in 1994 after working in the newsroom at ABC Newcastle. Michael spent much of his career as a sub-editor before moving into political reporting in 2017. He was a finalist in Sports Australia’s national media awards for his coverage of a men-only tennis club in Newcastle. He has covered the 2019 NSW and federal elections, state and federal budgets and local politics. He has also written extensively on the COVID-19 pandemic, with a particular focus on data analysis and the impact of lockdowns on the hunter community.

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