Coalition Wars – Austerlitz 2005 http://austerlitz2005.com/ Sun, 18 Sep 2022 13:03:32 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://austerlitz2005.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-7-150x150.png Coalition Wars – Austerlitz 2005 http://austerlitz2005.com/ 32 32 UK helicopter deal tests ‘social’ impact of defense bids https://austerlitz2005.com/uk-helicopter-deal-tests-social-impact-of-defense-bids/ Sun, 18 Sep 2022 13:03:32 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/uk-helicopter-deal-tests-social-impact-of-defense-bids/ Three of the world’s largest defense contractors are bidding to replace Britain’s attack helicopter in a bid to test a new procurement approach that ranks bids on their ‘social’ impact, performance and price. Airbus, Leonardo UK and Lockheed Martin are among the companies vying to replace aging Puma support helicopters. The more than £1bn contract […]]]>

Three of the world’s largest defense contractors are bidding to replace Britain’s attack helicopter in a bid to test a new procurement approach that ranks bids on their ‘social’ impact, performance and price.

Airbus, Leonardo UK and Lockheed Martin are among the companies vying to replace aging Puma support helicopters. The more than £1bn contract for up to 44 new machines is expected to be awarded next year.

It will be one of the first competitions to test what last year’s defense industry strategy promised of a “more strategic approach” to procurement.

Critics of Britain’s arms procurement, long plagued by the dilemma of encouraging competition and ensuring value for money while ensuring a viable domestic industry, hope this will bring about lasting change.

Instead of pursuing the decades-old method of “global competition by default”, the new strategy promised to also integrate economic and social factors into the selection process for armaments procurement offers in the future.

“We will maintain and develop the future industrial capacity and capabilities on land in the areas that matter most for defense and security, support economic growth across the Union and improve the competitiveness of our companies in the global market,” it said in strategy.

Ministers had already made “social value” a key criterion when evaluating large government contracts in September 2020, but the new strategy went a step further by embedding social value in defense procurement policies. In competitions, a weight of at least 10 percent is applied to the social value of an order.

The importance of spending for UK-based companies has gained urgency in the post-pandemic economic recovery and post-Brexit – and as a tool in the government’s agenda to boost productivity across the UK.

Trevor Taylor of the defense think tank Royal United Services Institute (Rusi) said: “This is a real test for the [strategy’s] Commitment to a more “nuanced” approach to competition. The government is also now trying to consider what a contract would do in terms of maintaining industrial efficiency and contributing to national and regional prosperity.”

Previous research by Rusi has shown that “for every £1m spent by the MoD on a UK-based company, the Treasury recovered more than 35 per cent in the form of employee income taxes, social security, corporation tax and VAT”.

Retaining shore-based capacity is critical if the UK is to be able to make changes or upgrades to equipment in the future, said Francis Tusa, editor of Defense Analysis.

“Britain must become increasingly selfish about its national interest in defense equipment,” he said. “The ability to have onshore capabilities to respond to a changing environment is key. You don’t get that by just buying American goods off the shelf [equipment].”

The Department of Defense said the contract would be awarded to the bid that “offers the best value for money when assessed against a robust set of criteria, including social merit.”

The department confirmed last year that the Royal Air Force would be retiring its fleet of 23 Puma helicopters built in the early 1970s.

Improved versions were used to transport troops in wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The so-called new medium-helicopter would replace the Puma and three other types.

The competition will once again put the spotlight on Britain’s only helicopter factory in Yeovil, Somerset, which is part of the former Westland company but is now fully owned by Leonardo UK.

The company, which will operate its AW149 helicopter, has promised to build a new production line in Yeovil and roll out digital manufacturing skills as part of a £1billion investment programme.

Leonardo has also committed to ensuring that up to 70 per cent of the platform’s content and lifetime support is carried out by itself and other UK domestic providers.

A recent report co-published with the Purpose Coalition aiming to improve social mobility in the UK and led by Justine Greening, former Education Secretary, sought to highlight Leonardo’s role in contributing to the equalization agenda in business.

“You can do [the new helicopter] investing in a one-off project and delivering it, or investing in those who are creating and generating intellectual property in this country and have been doing so for many years,” said Norman Bone, CEO and Chairman of Leonardo UK.

“If we base the 149 here in the UK, all future exports will come from here. So this is important for us, but also for the UK economy.”

Yeovil won’t shut down if it doesn’t win the contest, but Bone acknowledges there will be repercussions. “We would have a sustainability issue for some parts of our facility in Yeovil.”

Airbus has also committed to fulfilling all UK export orders if it wins the competition. The European aerospace and defense group, which has teamed up with Babcock International and Spirit AeroSystems, among others, is offering a militarized version of its H175 helicopter, which is already in service with civilian operators. A production line is set up in Broughton, Wales, where the company builds wings for its commercial aircraft.

Lenny Brown, Managing Director of Airbus Helicopters in the UK, said: “The real key is where the intellectual property and design know-how comes into play, and that will be in the militarization of the aircraft. We will do all of that at Broughton.”

Lockheed Martin, whose subsidiary Sikorsky Aircraft manufactures the successful Black Hawk helicopter, has so far been reluctant to say whether it will bid and which industry partners might be involved.

The US company said it was “aware of the UK government’s social value requirements and meeting that requirement will be an important element of our bid when it is submitted”.

The competition could still be disrupted by one wildcard entrant: a British start-up called AceHawk Aerospace, which offers used Black Hawks with updated cockpits and optimized for government requirements. Based at Teesside International Airport, the company is that of a British Black Hawk.

Their leaders said they were “giving the local people exactly what they need” in terms of operational readiness, while also creating jobs in the North East – a notable part of the former Labor Party heartland known as the red wall were won by the Tory party in the last general election.

“Politics have social value,” said Mark Bate, director of business development at AceHawk.

“If the government wants to demonstrate to the people of the country that they are serious about leveling up . . . This [choosing AceHawk] is what Conservatives need to do.”

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Germany’s seizure of Russian refineries is far from enough https://austerlitz2005.com/germanys-seizure-of-russian-refineries-is-far-from-enough/ Sat, 17 Sep 2022 05:00:00 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/germanys-seizure-of-russian-refineries-is-far-from-enough/ At least in the energy sector, it is clear that German Chancellor Olaf Scholtz is more aware of the danger posed by Russia. The nationalization of three refineries owned by Russian oil company Rosneft is a major escalation in hostilities, but it came since a key energy law was amended last month that allows the […]]]>

At least in the energy sector, it is clear that German Chancellor Olaf Scholtz is more aware of the danger posed by Russia.

The nationalization of three refineries owned by Russian oil company Rosneft is a major escalation in hostilities, but it came since a key energy law was amended last month that allows the government to put critical infrastructure under temporary trusteeship — and in extreme circumstances also carry out complete expropriation.

That means the federal energy regulator Bundesnetzagentur will take over Rosneft’s stakes in three German refineries – PCK in Schwedt, MiRo in Karlsruhe and Bayernoil in the Bavarian town of Vohburg – which account for about 12 percent of Germany’s total oil processing capacity.

The tragedy is that it took an energy price shock of the magnitude now sweeping Europe, affecting Germany more than most, to shake up its political elite.

Households and companies save energy voluntarily. But if Putin stops gas deliveries to Europe altogether, there will be serious doubts about the German economy’s ability to withstand the winter, even with forced rationing.

Goldman Sachs says Germany “didn’t have many options” and as a result could suffer a staggering 65 percent slump in industrial production if Putin turns off the taps completely, plunging the country into a deep recession.

Despite this clear and present danger, great doubts remain within the EU – and particularly in Central and Eastern Europe – as to whether Scholtz and his fragile coalition partners really recognize the threat posed by Russia even now. And if so, whether they have the will to attack the Kremlin head-on.

Protecting Germany’s own interests is one thing, but that doesn’t mean there’s an appetite to really take on Putin. Indeed, there has long been a suspicion that Germany’s commitment to Ukraine was only half-hearted. In tougher EU countries like Poland, there is growing concern that Berlin’s support will continue to dwindle as the gas crisis deepens in the cold winter months.

And while von der Leyen’s mea culpa might have been expected to shake up the EU, it instead has only the divisions between states in the east, which generally favor a tougher stance including more sanctions and more military and humanitarian aid, and those in the east further revealed West, including Germany, fixated on the political fallout from a protracted conflict.

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The 10 Worst Anime Villains That Could Exist In Real Life https://austerlitz2005.com/the-10-worst-anime-villains-that-could-exist-in-real-life/ Thu, 15 Sep 2022 02:46:39 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/the-10-worst-anime-villains-that-could-exist-in-real-life/ Typically, anime villains are enjoyed for their theatrical powers, overly malicious goals, and insidious monologues, especially in popular shonen anime and manga. It helps to distinguish them as fictional entities and not ones that the audience sadly has to constantly deal with in their own lives. RELATED: 10 Anime Heroes Their World Needs (But Doesn’t […]]]>

Typically, anime villains are enjoyed for their theatrical powers, overly malicious goals, and insidious monologues, especially in popular shonen anime and manga. It helps to distinguish them as fictional entities and not ones that the audience sadly has to constantly deal with in their own lives.


RELATED: 10 Anime Heroes Their World Needs (But Doesn’t Deserve)

However, there are a number of anime antagonists whose

Procedures and skills are so down-to-earth that they could reasonably exist in the real world. Their practical uses of evil separate the fantastical villains from those who might be lurking just a block away.

10 Sugou was an evil tech mogul (Sword Art Online)

Sugou was an evil tech mogul who bought the digital blueprints for Aincrad after it shut down. It allowed him to create an entirely new game called Alfaheim Online with the same engine and the continuation of Sword Art Online Story.

Despite Sugou’s harmless and mild-mannered appearance, he is one of the most despicable people in anime history. He took advantage of Asuna’s coma and did terrible things to her under the cover of the digital world. Worse, he intended to use alfheim to discreetly modify the brains of its players.

9 Tonpa tried to exclude other hunters from trials (Hunter X Hunter)

Though not by far the strongest villain in Hunter X Hunter, Tonpa was smarter than many other antagonists. Somehow he found his way to numerous exams, but actually he didn’t intend to pass any of them. Instead, his only goal was to eliminate newcomers, to see the desperation on their faces and for his own amusement.

There were many ways Tonpa would approach this. He would either talk her into drinking a juice box full of laxatives or join her team, and then purposely sabotage her chances of winning.

8th Gato was a local crimelord (Naruto)

Gato was one of the first Naruto Villains representing the criminal element of the series. He paid Zabuza to sabotage the bridge and kill their builders. When that didn’t work, the man sent an army of mercenaries to finish the job.

What makes Gato so scary is that despite the fact that he doesn’t have a jutsu, he was ready to face off against Team Seven and one of the legendary ninja swordsmen. However, Gato’s overconfidence ultimately proved to be his downfall and he died at the end of the arc.

7 Charloss was a corrupt celestial dragon (One Piece)

Charloss is widely known as one of the most notorious villains in the world One piece. Spoiled, obnoxious, and devoid of any moral compass, he treats every place he goes as his personal playground, using the admirals to back him up when needed.

RELATED: One Piece: 5 Anime Characters Crocodile Could Beat (& 5 He’d Lose To)

What makes Charloss particularly angry is that while he sees himself as a god, he is weaker than average. The villain has no devil fruit, no haki, or even basic training to defend himself. He is so confident in his own privilege that he feels such precautions are unnecessary.

6 Willy Tybur has spoken out against Eldia (Attack on Titan).

Willy Tybur was perhaps the most realistic attack on Titan villain for several reasons. For example, he didn’t rely on super strength or inhuman speed to win fights. Instead, he was a politician who wooed audiences and convinced nations to fight in wars.

This made Willy much closer to modern influencers than typical anime antagonists. It also meant his inevitable death, as villains without skills had no chance of surviving Eren’s wrath. Willy may have proved his point on Paradis, although his warnings came too late.

5 Leaky-Eye Luca Was an Ordinary Thug (JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure)

Leaky-Eye Luca was the least theatrical villain of the JoJo’s bizarre adventure Series. Despite being a loyal servant of Diavolo, he had no Stand or Hamon to invoke. This made him the most realistic character in fact as he was essentially a thug with a shovel.

Despite Luca’s lack of skills, he played an important role in the story. If Giorno hadn’t killed him, he would never have met Bucciarati and started his journey to become Italy’s next crime boss.

4 Amon almost never uses Bending (Legend of Korra)

Amon led an anti-bender coalition Legend of Korra. Though his bloodbending might make him an unrealistic villain, he used it so seldom that he could easily do without it. With enough reflexes to dodge lightning, Amon’s top physique allows him to remain a real threat to Korra and her friends.

RELATED: The 10 Shadiest Characters in a Play

He is particularly realistic in considering the nature of his movement and its demands for “equality”, whether they may appear rational or otherwise. Ultimately, Amon is the result of what happens when there are two classes of people with unequal social opportunities.

3 Dorian was a skilled fighter (Baki)

As a baki Villain, Dorian doesn’t rely on superpowers. Instead, he relies solely on the strength of his own body and his natural creativity. What makes Dorian impressive is that unlike other villains from his series, he doesn’t use brute force.

Instead, the man uses the environment to his advantage. Capable of weaponizing everything from alcohol to roller coasters, Dorian’s victory is assured anytime he can set the terms of a battle. He even massacred an entire mob determined to take his head.

2 General Magath was a brutal military leader (Attack on Titan)

After the Liberio massacre, Magath was promoted to general. Hardened by his experience and jaded by the Eldians, Magath relied on his military knowledge and warriors to dominate the battlefield. What makes Magath realistic is that he’s impressive even without a Titan shifter.

During a battle against a foreign nation, he agreed to have Gabi jump out of the trenches to capture an enemy bunker. Rightly anticipating that his opponents would not shoot a child, Gabi’s explosives provided just what the Eldians needed to turn the tide of battle.

1 Kyosuke Higuchi Was a Powerful Businessman (Death Note)

The Yotsuba Group was a coalition of powerful businessmen in the death notice Universe. Although they were successful themselves, they battled competitors and looked for a way to remove them. When Kira offered Kyosuke his notebook in exchange for his cooperation, the man was more than happy to agree.

He performed Kira’s kills while incarcerated and added a few kills of his own to lessen the competition. However, Kyosuke was ultimately just a pawn in Kira’s scheme and was caught early in his criminal career.

NEXT: The 10 Coolest Haki Users in One Piece, Ranked

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The effusive official response to Queen’s death underscores the deep political crisis in Australia https://austerlitz2005.com/the-effusive-official-response-to-queens-death-underscores-the-deep-political-crisis-in-australia/ Tue, 13 Sep 2022 04:14:28 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/the-effusive-official-response-to-queens-death-underscores-the-deep-political-crisis-in-australia/ In Australia, as in the United Kingdom and other parts of the former British Empire, the death of Queen Elizabeth II after seven decades as the country’s official head of state comes at a time of deepening economic, social and political crisis. Victorian State MPs in Australia swear an oath to King Charles III in […]]]>

In Australia, as in the United Kingdom and other parts of the former British Empire, the death of Queen Elizabeth II after seven decades as the country’s official head of state comes at a time of deepening economic, social and political crisis.

Victorian State MPs in Australia swear an oath to King Charles III in Melbourne, Australia on Tuesday 13 September 2022. the loyalty. (Victoria State Parliament TV via AP)

One aspect of Australia’s extraordinary widespread coverage of the death of the Queen and the accession of King Charles III. is a desperate political red herring that seeks to dumb down critical thinking and convey a false image of national unity.

All of the corporate media, not the least of which is the government-funded Australian Broadcasting Corporation, has subjected the populace to saturation propaganda, complete with endless prepackaged packages idealizing the Queen – one of the world’s wealthiest people – as a virtual saint who selflessly serves the people up to the end of her life.

However, this campaign fails to bury the social reality: the ongoing COVID-19 disaster, the US-NATO proxy war against Russia in Europe, and the escalating US confrontation with China, as well as the steepest decline in real wages and living standards, the one rising caused by working class struggles.

The money squandered on the archaic pomp and ceremony – including multiple military gun salutes – to mark the transition to a new monarch stands in stark contrast to demands from the financial elite, pushed through by the Labor government, that workers taking cuts in real wages is another “hard medicine” to pay for the spiraling inflation and fiscal debt spurred by the Ukraine war and massive corporate bailouts during the pandemic.

Indeed, the scale of the media operations to praise the Queen and the accompanying attempt to reshape her elder son’s image is indicative of an underlying political crisis, now compounded for the ruling class by the Queen’s departure became long-lived monarch.

Nervous, the Queen has been variously described by media commentators, editorials and politicians as the “anchor”, “ballast” and “bedrock” who held society together for 70 years amidst economic, political and social turmoil. She is also credited with transforming the fading Empire that once ruled vast territories around the world into the Commonwealth, a more civilized front for the pursuit of British imperialism’s predatory interests and ambitions.

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The dream of an Australian republic is fading https://austerlitz2005.com/the-dream-of-an-australian-republic-is-fading/ Fri, 09 Sep 2022 01:46:50 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/the-dream-of-an-australian-republic-is-fading/ Well, I have to admit, I thought she was going to hit the ton, the centenary. That tough German lineage, those royal and aristocratic genes. She has several relatives who made three-digit numbers. That’s where vampire legends must come from – the aristocracy lives on and on while everyone around them dies. It would have […]]]>

Well, I have to admit, I thought she was going to hit the ton, the centenary. That tough German lineage, those royal and aristocratic genes. She has several relatives who made three-digit numbers. That’s where vampire legends must come from – the aristocracy lives on and on while everyone around them dies. It would have been worth watching her stick through another four years, if only for the spectacle of seeing her send a congratulatory message to herself.

That would not have happened, of course, but only because the Queen was and is inseparable from her role, a form of premodern identity that persists in the world of self-shattered identities. It was her position in relation to the rest of us, a reminder that everyone was like this a few centuries ago and since time began. For many Britons, and not a few Commonwealth citizens of all origins, this ensemble – fused with its exceptional longevity – was a paradoxical embodiment of permanence. She stood at the interface of nature and culture, of person and nation, of present and past.

It would be foolish, therefore, to underestimate the extent to which she was a figure not just of history but of history, not just for Britain and the Commonwealth but for the world. The Atlantic alliance dominates the West, and the British end of the alliance is recorded in part by mysticism: by the unity of the United Kingdom and by the person of the Queen. She ascended the throne at 25 in an era of limited publicity, particularly for royal princesses. Very little was known about her personally. Everything that became known about her happened during her reign, so it was the habits and deeds of the authority-laden monarch.

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That’s obviously not the case with King Charles III, who reached adulthood in the transformational 1960s — on the edge of the 21st century when Woodstock appeared — freeing him from a dour and dutiful upbringing. That may have been his personal fortune, but it is a disaster for the projection of power and mystery in his reign. He’s too much like the Boomers he hails from, with his enthusiasm for mystical wilderness, the natural aristocracy of the still nomadic First Peoples, talking to plants, enthusiasm for The Goons, love life in general. The crazy talk of skipping him altogether and going straight to William – which seemed to show a fundamental misunderstanding of the whole hereditary monarchy such commentators were trying to preserve – instantly died down and became an immediate relic.

But what has also died are Republican hopes that the death of a monarch – one who has unimpeachably fulfilled her role – to a man pieced together by the same tale of enthusiasm, stupidity and failed obsessions that has shaped the lives of most of us that would provide the opportunity to do so raised questions about the monarchy, particularly in Australia. Too late! They don’t fool around, these royal families; they understand their business. King Charles III is already a thing, and the fact of office has become massive. No one cares about the interchangeable European bike monarchies except the publisher of grace. The transfer of British monarchical power was really important to actual global power.

Too late here? Too early. Our more republican ad hoc movement was gathering under the Albanian government just to bring the issue of a republic back into focus. But it can’t now be done as a ‘if the queen dies…’ plebiscite, which would have been the best chance of a ‘yes’. King Charles III will quickly establish himself as the inevitable monarch unless he’s really, really dumb, and the notion of a rupture will fade into the haze. Any movement towards Australian republicanism must work with the very fact of monarchy as its goal. Lacking any social base and having been a shy creature of the elite since its revival in the 1990s, Australian republicanism is unlikely to get anywhere. I would guess that the Albanian government will not give the coalition a culture war that they are rebuilding around them.

That the coalition could very well be built on a Republican plebiscite is a measure of the weakening of Republican momentum in recent decades. As post-Cold War modernity has lost its confidence and collapsed over the past decade, passion for an enlightened view of the world has waned markedly. The claim that humanity can run its own affairs carried away two decades of failed wars, crashes, failed recoveries, the collapse of conventional politics, the rise of conspiracy theories, and the failure of populism.

The success of the late Queen Elizabeth II was undoubtedly also due to her personal qualities. But the greater part of this has been the weakness and inability of the left and progressives to offer an alternative with meaning and liberation that was worth the risk of scrapping something that offered many a fair amount of both.

The left was unable to offer an attractive alternative to a society whose fundamental meaning had been completely undermined by the nihilism of capitalism, the market and the antisocial nature of new technologies. Bizarrely, then, it is premodern institutions that now set a limit to this steady annihilation. Any Republican relying on a generational uprising against the monarchy, or a non-Anglo Republican, can be in for a nasty shock. The snarls and growls that might be aimed at them will just prove it. Such attacks are always based on envy and defeat, the radicalism of fools.

The story is long. In a way, we are in a position that lags behind the heady moment of 1776, when a bunch of American radicals suggested that words and ideas alone could hold a nation together, rather than the embodiment of a person. This experiment could collapse in 2024 if the third Carlite era continues. At this point we should be thankful that the Russians didn’t bring back the Tsars. Perhaps all this is the prelude to a great dialectical historical advance.

But before putting any money on it, first check whose face is on the banknotes. Vale Elizabeth Windsor. Perhaps her death is an opportunity for progressives to reflect on what they don’t offer or value in their programming that addresses the human needs that can make a small and compact woman a source of meaning and a story force.

After the Queen’s death, does republicanism have a chance in Australia? Let us know your thoughts by writing to letters@crikey.com.au. Please provide your full name to be considered for publication. We reserve the right to edit for length and clarity.

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Grape production in Tabuk is increasing; The Saudi ministry encourages the farmers https://austerlitz2005.com/grape-production-in-tabuk-is-increasing-the-saudi-ministry-encourages-the-farmers/ Mon, 05 Sep 2022 20:30:30 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/grape-production-in-tabuk-is-increasing-the-saudi-ministry-encourages-the-farmers/ RIYADH: The world-renowned Polish Slask Song and Dance Ensemble, named after Stanislaw Hadyna, performed before a Saudi audience at the Palace of Culture in Riyadh’s diplomatic district. The Theater and Performing Arts Commission of the Saudi Ministry of Culture hosts the ensemble event, in which participants wear colorful traditional costumes from different regions of Poland […]]]>

RIYADH: The world-renowned Polish Slask Song and Dance Ensemble, named after Stanislaw Hadyna, performed before a Saudi audience at the Palace of Culture in Riyadh’s diplomatic district.

The Theater and Performing Arts Commission of the Saudi Ministry of Culture hosts the ensemble event, in which participants wear colorful traditional costumes from different regions of Poland during song and dance routines.

Traditional dances include krakowiak, mazurka, oberek, polonaise and bohemian polka, backed by the orchestra.

dr Houd Al-Omrani, the event’s project manager, told Arab News: “Basically, we had in mind Polish folklore based on Poland’s rich history.

“Poland has had many experiences, but one of the beautiful things is that the Polish people, through their experiences in World War I and World War II, have thought positively about how to prevent their identity from being wiped out because of these wars.”

HIGHLIGHTING

• Poles focused on protecting their rich history, developing youth’s attachment and love for the country’s heritage and documenting their stories through song and dance.

• The performances shown are rooted in centuries of culture and heritage and inspired by regional customs.

• Much of this folklore was retained by the famous Polish composer Frédéric Chopin, who frequently incorporated it into his works.

Poles focused on protecting their rich history, developing youth’s attachment and love for the country’s heritage and documenting their stories through song and dance.

The performances shown are rooted in centuries of culture and heritage and inspired by regional customs. Much of this folklore was retained by the famous Polish composer Frederic Chopin, who frequently incorporated it into his works.

Al-Omrani said that folklore has often been neglected or forgotten in many cultures around the world due to a lack of documentation on music, dress, dance and other elements.

“What has happened to Polish culture is that world-class composers like Frederic Chopin, one of the greatest composers in the world and in piano history, composed a large part of Polish heritage, including what we hear in Riyadh.

“Polish culture has other dimensions, similar to Saudi culture; it changes by area and city. If we notice the clothes, they are colorful and the way of dancing is different. Some of the techniques are inspired by natural elements in Poland, like the peacock and the hen,” added Al-Omrani.

The week-long show was held as part of efforts to create opportunities for cultural exchange and strengthen ties between Poles and Saudis.

Zbigniew Cierniak, the Polish director of the ensemble, told Arab News: “We are absolutely sure that the audience here in Saudi Arabia will evoke only positive feelings. There’s a lot of historical background behind every play we produce, so it’s not just an art in itself, it’s also an educational aspect that we like to emphasize.

“Having spent a few days in Saudi Arabia we are absolutely thrilled and in love with the country. We meet very open and friendly people who have surrounded us since we arrived in the country through the hotel, the theater and the staff we work with. So everywhere, people are doing their best to make us feel comfortable,” he said.

The Slask group is now entering its 70th artistic season since its inception in 1953.

“In 70 years we have earned a reputation as ambassadors of Polish culture around the world,” added Cierniak.

The show will continue at the Kulturpalast until September 7th.

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David Leask: A century after fascism’s first victory, we must confront the new look of the far right https://austerlitz2005.com/david-leask-a-century-after-fascisms-first-victory-we-must-confront-the-new-look-of-the-far-right/ Sat, 03 Sep 2022 05:47:01 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/david-leask-a-century-after-fascisms-first-victory-we-must-confront-the-new-look-of-the-far-right/ SHE is widely regarded as Italy’s next prime minister, at the head of what the local press is dubbing a “centre-right” coalition Populist and chauvinist Giorgia Meloni, with her reputedly earthy Latin tongue and tough working-class backstory, is topping the polls ahead of the general election later this month. Last week, as she strayed into […]]]>

SHE is widely regarded as Italy’s next prime minister, at the head of what the local press is dubbing a “centre-right” coalition

Populist and chauvinist Giorgia Meloni, with her reputedly earthy Latin tongue and tough working-class backstory, is topping the polls ahead of the general election later this month.

Last week, as she strayed into her native Romanesco dialect, she told cheering supporters she was “turning Italy upside down like a sock”. And she turned to those who call her a fascist, essentially accusing her of being beholden to unseen forces.

“We’re portrayed as monsters because we’re not for sale, we can’t be blackmailed, and we don’t have a ‘power lobby’ behind our back,” she said.

Read more from David Leask:

https://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/19741855.vaccine-passports-stop-far-right-hijacking-opposition-david-leask/

Ms Meloni and her party, Fratelli d’Italia (FdI), or Brothers of Italy, have taken a strong stand against those she believes are far-right.

But her latest outburst comes after an Edinburgh-based filmmaker included her image in his new documentary on the rise of fascism a century ago. Mark Cousins’ March on Rome was screened at the Venice Film Festival this week ahead of its release in cinemas next month.

It caused a bit of sushie in Italy. And provoked some really tough questions about what the far right looks like; Questions I think we should all be asking ourselves.

The film’s release is set to mark the 100th anniversary of Benito Mussolini coming to power after a ragged mob invaded the Italian capital.

But this is more than history, critics say; it is a reflection on the stories fascists tell then and now. And so it ends with pictures of Russia’s Vladimir Putin, Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro and, yes, Ms. Meloni.

Read more from David Leask:

https://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/20003711.david-leask-europes-far-right-turning-away-putin/

The culture spokesman for the FdI was outraged that such a film could be shown at a publicly funded event during the election campaign. Federico Mollicone called it – apparently unironically – “propaganda”.

Cousins ​​was unrepentant. Speaking after the screening, he acknowledged that Ms. Meloni did not describe herself as a fascist. “Maybe,” he said, “she’s not like Mussolini, but the language she uses is very dangerous.”

The FDI leader is really pushing right-wing and far-right culture war narratives, not least on immigration. It’s not just what she says that matters, but where her party is coming from.

There’s a reason her fans are nervous about the Cousins ​​movie. That’s because the FdI has fairly easily traceable neo-fascist roots.

Its logo – for starters – is the flaming tricolor, symbol of a movement founded by Mussolini-Diehards in the late 1940s. Some FdI members – so-called nostalgics, apologists for the “20 years” of fascism – were photographed giving the Roman salute.

Ms Meloni, 45, has accused the left of “hate, violence and lies” in what she called a “shameful” campaign against FdI. Her party feels besmirched by those who remember her history and attack her current nativist policies. For example, she opposes plans to give citizenship to foreigners brought to Italy as children.

A veteran trade unionist and senator, Valeria Fedeli, this summer called Ms Meloni a “racist because she discriminates based on her ethnicity”. Such criticism has, I am not joking, been dubbed “red hatred” by FdI supporters.

Read more from David Leask:

https://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/19918551.david-leask-lessons-italys-love-affair-technocrats​/

“Fascist” is one of those words that has lost its meaning through overuse. It’s thrown at all manner of authoritarians and right-wingers, such as America’s Donald Trump. The term, which is now more suitable for polemics than for analysis, is not always ideal.

Is Ms. Meloni a real fascist? Well, maybe not. She’s not at the head of an army of black-shirted thugs; it is not planning an extra-parliamentary coup like Mussolini.

But if she comes to power, she must appeal to her base, she must blame the nostalgic for red meat, she must find more scapegoats for her country’s economic woes.

Expect migrants and minorities to suffer, expect extreme nationalist chauvinism to be normalized, expect culture wars to flare up. The rhetoric could get scary.

A prime minister from Meloni, a far-right leader at the heart of the European Union, one of the world’s greatest bastions of democracy and the rule of law, would be a disaster.

But the context is also important.

FdI, if the polls accurately reflect public sentiment, holds just under a quarter of the popular vote. It can only govern in coalition. Ms Meloni faces constitutional checks and balances, as well as political vacillations and roundabouts.

The current elections were called because of the collapse of the Covid emergency government led by technocrat Mario Draghi.

The FdI had left itself out as a sniper and benefited from it. Now she hopes to lead an alliance that includes two parties whose leaders served under Mr Draghi.

The first is the now dwindling anti-immigration League of Matteo Salvini, 49, a populist who once strutted around Moscow’s Red Square in a Putin T-shirt.

The second possible partner is the conservative Forza Italia of former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who is now 85 but still has jet black hair.

The latest Ipsos poll for Corriere della Sera on Thursday suggests the “centre-right” is beating the “centre-left” by 46.6% to 29.9%.

Mrs Meloni’s potential coalition is not very centered in my opinion, but it is very, very correct. It is also divided on core issues.

Take foreign policy.

The FDI leader has taken a more Atlanticist approach to Putin’s war on Ukraine than Mr Salvini, who is struggling to distance himself from his earlier fanboying of the Russian strongman.

Mr. Salvini wants to stop arms deliveries to Kyiv. Mrs. Meloni not. Can such a political divide be bridged?

This week Mr Salvini posted a picture of himself with Ms Meloni smiling against a backdrop of blue skies and an azure Mediterranean Sea during the electoral process in Sicily. “Together we will win”

he said on Facebook. He had his arm around his potential coalition leader. She looked reserved and had her head bowed.

As chilling as that sounds, the Lega leader seems to have picked a snap that made the couple look like a honeymoon couple.

A century after Mussolini took Rome, the far right is on the rise again. Cousins ​​rightly draws a line from 1922 to the present day.

But the new threat to liberal democracy looks very different from the old one. We need to figure this out quickly.

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How Putin’s mercenary army, the Wagner Group, is doing the dirtiest work in Ukraine https://austerlitz2005.com/how-putins-mercenary-army-the-wagner-group-is-doing-the-dirtiest-work-in-ukraine/ Thu, 01 Sep 2022 21:45:50 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/how-putins-mercenary-army-the-wagner-group-is-doing-the-dirtiest-work-in-ukraine/ Human rights groups also took notice of Wagner, accusing his staff of committing war crimes wherever they were deployed. But for Putin’s purposes, the mercenaries were deniable and cost-effective. The Wagner Group does not employ a public relations officer who can explain its tasks in more detail. Your employees are prohibited from giving interviews. As […]]]>

Human rights groups also took notice of Wagner, accusing his staff of committing war crimes wherever they were deployed. But for Putin’s purposes, the mercenaries were deniable and cost-effective.

The Wagner Group does not employ a public relations officer who can explain its tasks in more detail. Your employees are prohibited from giving interviews. As such, the Kremlin can always give a ready-made shrug that it was unaware of their presence in a war zone. But most believe that there is no daylight between Wagner and the Kremlin. John Sipher, a 28-year veteran of the CIA’s National Clandestine Service, says: “The Wagner Group’s operations are designed to plausibly deny Moscow, but the opposite is true. They work closely with the GRU, the SVR foreign espionage service, and the FSB, the post-Soviet KGB. They are irrefutable organs of the Russian state. Your denial is purely implausible.”

Illustration from The Sporting Press

Wagner steps in wherever natural resources and weak-security pro-Putin regimes require additional tactical muscle. Wagner units fought government troops in Libya. They were deployed in the Central African Republic, Sudan and Madagascar. Wagner was even spotted in America, in oil-rich Venezuela, where he supported President Nicolás Maduro’s narco-regime. Wherever they are sent, civilians are tortured, raped and murdered. Moscow denies, but in the age of smartphones it’s impossible to hide hard evidence that Russian nationals are involved in horrifying atrocities.

So was the only conventional combat that took place between Wagner agents and the US military. On February 7, 2018, about 600 Wagner fighters, supported by tanks and artillery, attacked a Syrian Democratic Forces position near Deir ez-Zor in the eastern part of the desert near the Iraqi border. The SDF contingent, mostly Kurdish fighters, was reinforced by elements of the US Joint Special Operations Command, including operators from Delta. AC-130 gunships unleashed air support from thousands of feet over the desert to assist the Americans and Kurds. What was not cleared from the air was left for Delta operators to sort through on the ground. More than 300 Wagner Group fighters were reportedly killed in the one-sided battle. Secretary of Defense James Mattis told Congress, “I have ordered their destruction.”

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The most dangerous special forces in the world. https://austerlitz2005.com/the-most-dangerous-special-forces-in-the-world/ Tue, 30 Aug 2022 21:16:24 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/the-most-dangerous-special-forces-in-the-world/ The Polish elite unit fighting terrorism is called GROM, which means “Thunderbolt”. Their tactics are quick, precise and deadly. The same idea was used to build this special unit, which is in the same league as the British SAS. We all have great respect and awe for the people who serve in the Army, Navy […]]]>
  • The Polish elite unit fighting terrorism is called GROM, which means “Thunderbolt”. Their tactics are quick, precise and deadly.
  • The same idea was used to build this special unit, which is in the same league as the British SAS.

We all have great respect and awe for the people who serve in the Army, Navy and Air Force, but there is one force that is one step ahead of them in the realm of danger.

You eliminate the possible dangers and head into a field that scares even the bravest. The Special Forces are those people. There are bravehearts in this field around the world who risk their lives to help others and are known to be the brightest of the bunch.

Best Special Forces in the World 2020

It is very difficult to rank or compare these special forces from around the world, but there have always been some that have excelled in this interesting, difficult and very dangerous area. Take a look at 11 of the world’s most feared Special Commando Forces.

1. MARCOS, India

MARCOS stands for “Marine Commandos”, which is a longer name. Indian MARCOS are one of the most dangerous special forces in the world. They are trained in HALO and HAHO and have the best assault rifles, sniper rifles and real-time war gear.

They receive most of their training from the US Navy SEALs. They are also trained by the British SAS and have to go to the CIJW (Guerrilla Warfare) in Vairangte. One of the best things about their training is that the members are very motivated and they train their emotions as well as their bodies.

MARCOS has completed many important missions such as the Kargil War, Operation Leech, Operation Swan, Exercise Balance Iroquois 03-1/Vajrstormehar and many others while all keeping a very low profile. “Dadhiwalee fauj” meaning “bearded army” is what people call the MARCOS. After the US Navy SEALs, they are the only special force that can fight in water with full-fledged weapons.

2. Special Services Group (SSG), Pakistan

Imagine walking 36 miles in 12 hours and running 5 miles at full speed in 50 minutes. These are some of the things the Special Forces of Pakistan do as part of their training.

The group was spotted entering a building and rescuing more than thirty-five people who had been taken hostage from Army Headquarters.

People talk a lot about how they took part in the historic Indo-Pakistan Wars and the Soviet-Afghan War. During the famous Pan Am Flight 73 hijacking, SSG had the courage to rescue people and limit the damage.

In another key mission, SSG commandos freed children held hostage on an Afghan school bus in just 20 seconds. Yes, it only took the SSG a few seconds to kill all three terrorists.

3. National Gendarmerie Intervention Group (GIGN), France

This dangerous task force has done everything from rescuing schoolchildren in Djibouti to capturing war criminals in Bosnia. The force is one of the most dangerous groups in the world. It was founded after the hostage murders at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich.

They have the best training program anyone has ever heard of and they are ready to take down the Somali pirates with ease. GIGN is known for tracking any threat to the country and its people. Her motto is “Saving lives without regard for one’s own”.

This 200-person unit remains invisible, and it is against the law in France to show pictures of their faces.

The seizure of the Grand Mosque in Mecca in 1979 was one of the boldest things GIGN has ever done. Extremist rebels took over the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca to get rid of the House of Saud. GIGN joined the Saudi forces, but because non-Muslims were not allowed to enter the holy city, three GIGN commandos briefly became Muslims and helped plan the mosque’s retake.

4th Special Forces, United States

Her official motto is “De oppresso liber” (Liberate the oppressed) and her insignia is an arrowhead with a sword and three thunderbolts. That is why they are also referred to as Green Berets. President Kennedy requested this uniform in the 1960s.

The unit is full of tough soldiers, but the snipers are considered the most dangerous killers. This group of Green Berets trains with America’s best for seven weeks. They are responsible for operations that help the coalition, help those in need, keep the peace, and fight drugs.

5. Sayeret Matkal, Israel

This is the Israeli special forces trained to stop terrorists. People know that the members of this squad are strong both physically and mentally. In the camp called Gibbush, people who want to join the military undergo rigorous training while doctors and psychologists are constantly watching them.

You played a big part in making things easier for Israel during the terrorist attacks in Palestine. A well-known example of Sayeret Matkal’s work is rescuing an Israeli taxi driver named Eliyahu Gurel after he was taken hostage in 2003 while he was driving four Palestinians in his taxi to Jerusalem. The unit found him in a 10 meter deep hole in an abandoned factory near Ramallah and pulled him out.

6th Joint Force Task 2 (JTF2), Canada

With only 23 years of history, this task force has grown to several hundred people in a short space of time. They have been to many dangerous places around the world, such as Iraq helping to rescue hostages and Bosnia stalking Serbian snipers.

The armed forces were also in Afghanistan, but what they were doing there was closely watched. JTF 2 says it’s “a scalpel, not a hammer,” making it a faceless, mysterious group fighting terrorism. This world-class elite troupe doesn’t say much about how they go about their very secretive work.

7th British Special Air Service (SAS)

Special forces around the world are based on them. Even the United States Delta Force was manufactured after its founder collaborated with the SAS. They are the best fighters in the world, and they are trained to be good in every other area as well.

Their emblem says, “He who dares wins.” US General Stanley McChrystal said, “Vital.” He spoke about their role in fighting the wars that followed the Iraq war. I couldn’t have done it without her.”

8. Navy SEALs, United States

Before the workout even begins, you must be able to run at least 42 push-ups in two minutes, 50 sit-ups in two minutes, and 1.5 miles in 11 minutes. Navy SEALs are the finest soldiers in the United States. The word SEALs derives from the acronym SEAL, which stands for Sea, Air, and Land Special Operators.

Navy SEALs are divided into eight “Teams”: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, and 10. SEAL Team 6 is also included, but it is not numbered. They have everything from the best field trainers to the most advanced technology.

9. GIS, Italy

The Gruppo di Intervento Speciale (GIS) is one of the most elite counter-terrorism operations. This unit has been around since 1978. It is part of the Italian military police and is known for its good shooting.

They have almost a hundred soldiers and they work to stop terrorism, provide security services and train people.

10. Alpha Group, Russia

The Alpha Group is the most dangerous part of the well-known and feared Spetsnaz. This well-known task force began in the mid-1970s and came to public attention during the invasion of Afghanistan. They are known for taking down their enemies in a brutal and heartless manner.

Spetsgruppa “A” is another name for the unit. That’s because of the way they work. During the Moscow Theater hostage crisis in 2002, when the FSB’s Alpha Group used chemical gas to kill militants, 129 hostages died. This resulted in the unit getting a lot of bad press.

11. Polish GROM

The Polish elite unit fighting terrorism is called GROM, which means “Thunderbolt”. Their tactics are quick, precise and deadly. The same idea was used to build this special unit, which is in the same league as the British SAS.

They have worked with SEALs many times and are said to have also provided special training ideas to the SEALs. The GROM force is believed to have between 270 and 300 soldiers, and each must pass the “truth test” and a series of harsh mental and physical tests.

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As usual, after the massacre in Cetinje, Montenegrin intolerance drowned out the arms debate https://austerlitz2005.com/as-usual-after-the-massacre-in-cetinje-montenegrin-intolerance-drowned-out-the-arms-debate/ Sun, 28 Aug 2022 11:47:47 +0000 https://austerlitz2005.com/as-usual-after-the-massacre-in-cetinje-montenegrin-intolerance-drowned-out-the-arms-debate/ Montenegro was rocked earlier this month by a rare mass killing in its royal capital, Cetinje, where the president and the country’s two dominant Orthodox churches are based. Ten people died when a gunman rampaged through a rental property with a hunting rifle, killing a tenant and her two children before accidentally shooting dead bystanders […]]]>

Montenegro was rocked earlier this month by a rare mass killing in its royal capital, Cetinje, where the president and the country’s two dominant Orthodox churches are based.

Ten people died when a gunman rampaged through a rental property with a hunting rifle, killing a tenant and her two children before accidentally shooting dead bystanders and other neighbors, including his uncle. His motive was reportedly unknown, the shooter, 33-year-old Vucko Borilovic shot amid a confrontation with police and at least one armed civilian.

“Even the oldest Cetinjians don’t remember anything like that,” says a local said later.

It was a brutal reminder of the potential for violence in this Adriatic country with around 600,000 inhabitants, which was spared the worst violence when the former Yugoslavia broke up in the 1990s, but was nevertheless marked by violent conflicts.

But despite signs of public frustration at the proliferation of firearms in a former war zone where gun ownership is widely taken for granted, the killings have mostly sparked divisions along the same cultural and religious lines that have plagued Montenegro since it broke away from separated its state union with Serbia more than a decade ago.

Firefighters stand near the body of one of the victims of the August 12 attack in Cetinje.

As legislators, they are already at another turning point ready to oust the country’s third government in two years, social media reactions quickly turned to warnings of divine vengeance or broader political motives when none were apparent.

“The tragedy in Cetinje and certain reactions to it reflect society and, inevitably, our political context,”

Podgorica-based psychologist Andja Backovic told RFE/RL’s Balkan Service.

“There is already so much intolerance, misunderstanding and revenge in Montenegro.

Not surprisingly, some seek to exploit this tragedy — that is, to use it as evidence or evidence of the correctness of their otherwise perverse and frightening personal and political stance.

Montenegro is one of seven states that eventually emerged from the former Yugoslavia with particularly close historical, religious, ethnic and linguistic ties to Serbia.

“There is already so much intolerance, misunderstanding and revenge in Montenegro,” Podgorica-based psychologist Andja Backovic told RFE/RL’s Balkan Service.

Around a third of Montenegrins consider themselves Serbs, and a majority of the predominantly Orthodox population attend services held by a branch of the Serbian Orthodox Church, which does not fully recognize Montenegro’s independence and has a history of interfering in its politics.

President Milo Djukanovic’s efforts to contain the Serbian Church in favor of an unrecognized Montenegrin alternative swayed the 2020 election against his long-ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) and in favor of a Serbian nationalist-led coalition and an agreement on Papal State relations led to its downfall this month the recent Montenegrin government led by Dritan Abazovic.

Against this combustible backdrop of religious, political and ethno-national tensions that have long impeded public dialogue in the country, some public figures used the Cetinje tragedy to stoke the underlying fires.

A municipal consultant for tourism, culture and religious issues in Niksic, Montenegro’s second largest city, took to Facebook on the day of the tragedy and suggested it was “God’s punishment for desecrating holy sites,” an indirect reference to places revered by nationalists and orthodox believers alike.

The agent, Miljan Mijuskovic, later deleted the comment and he apologized alongside a somber image to mourn the killer’s victims. But he also criticized the media for “monitoring private comments” and accused them of politicizing his words. According to Mijuskovic, his Facebook comment was unofficial and “nothing more than a Christian call to repentance”. He warned that all Montenegrins “should be aware that stoking tensions and provocations have never brought anything good”.

Political rivals called for Mijuskovic’s dismissal.

Neither the police nor local authorities have claimed any link between the Cetinje gunman’s political affiliation and his motives.

During the three-day national mourning for the victims, the flags were lowered to half-mast at the entrance to Cetinje.

During the three-day national mourning for the victims, the flags were lowered to half-mast at the entrance to Cetinje.

Borilovic was a local member of the Social Democrats (SD), a smaller centre-left party that emerged seven years ago from a split in the Social Democratic Party (SDP), which used to govern alongside the DPS.

On August 14 and 15, outspoken columnist Dragan Rosandic described the tragedy in Cetinje as “a consequence of several months of … orgy” by radical ethnic Montenegrin nationalists and “the failure of the authorities to react to this phenomenon”.

People are very nervous, they don’t have patience for others and that’s why [gun possession] should really be restricted.”

He said: “For a year, as a former security service worker, I have asked, warned, asked the authorities and others to stop this madness – but nobody has done anything.”

Rosandic linked it to the riots in Niksic in July The police used tear gas to break up a rally on Montenegrin Statehood Day that was a draw counter-demonstrations from pro-Serb elements is said to have the support of the Serbian Church.

The columnist said later The police had charged him with a misdemeanor for attributing a political connection to the events in Cetinje.

Mijuskovic and Rosandic’s seemingly unfounded references to political or religious motives in the killings are particularly damaging, according to psychologist Backovic, as they come from prominent members of Montenegrin society.

“Some of the citizens identify with people like that, and it’s like they get some kind of permission to behave that way because it comes from people in office,” she said. “So a kind of social infection is spreading in Montenegro.”

Excitement over religious or political implications and speculation about real or imagined factors in the tragedy eclipsed any debate about Montenegro’s gun culture or history of gun violence.

Some Montenegrins say it’s finally time to challenge the proliferation of privately owned guns in their country.

“It’s scary that we have so many guns among the people, especially now that the situation is tense because of the wars [in Ukraine] and everything,” Zuzana Zivkovic, a shop assistant from the coastal city of Budva, told RFE/RL’s Balkan Service. “People are very nervous, they don’t have patience for others and that’s why [gun possession] should really be restricted.”

A memorial service for the victims was held in Cetinje on August 14th.

A memorial service for the victims was held in Cetinje on August 14th.

There is no automatic right to own a firearm in Montenegro or anywhere else in the region. But in the Balkans, where all but the youngest generation have endured ethnic wars that claimed an estimated 130,000 lives in the early 1990s, the prevalence of firearms and gun-related deaths stands out.

According to the UN, no Balkan country ranks in the top 10 for violent deaths from guns. But Montenegro currently ranks 12th in the world for gun-related deaths at 8.91 per 100,000 – well ahead of Serbia, which ranks 22nd at 3.49. The global average is 6.5, although rates in some of the most troubled countries in Central and South America are as high as 30, 40, or even 60 in the case of Honduras.

And Montenegro has one of the highest rates of Gun assisted suicide in the world. Its 3.4 deaths per 100,000 people in the latest available year (2019). fifth worstbehind Greenland, the United States, Uruguay and the microstate of San Marino.

The Montenegrin Interior Ministry partnered with the United Nations, the European Union, the OSCE and a local NGO called the Center for Democratic Transition (DCT) in 2015 to encourage the registration or loss of illegally held firearms.

Her Respect Life, Surrender Weapons campaign seized on an amnesty provision in new laws aimed at reducing the number of guns in private ownership.

But seven years later, Montenegro and Serbia still tie for the third highest rate of private gun ownership among 206 countries monitored by GunPolicy.orga research site run by the School of Public Health at the University of Sydney.

“What can I say about so many privately owned guns? It’s evil,” Drita Harovic, a retired mother of four in Podgorica, told RFE/RL’s Balkan Service.

She accused the state of not further tightening gun ownership laws and procedures.

“We can be cosmopolitan and stuff, but something is recorded in the genetic code,” said Jelena Papovic, an artist in Budva. “We live in the stress of everyday life and if I owned a gun – ironically – I don’t know how many times I would have drawn it myself.”

Written by Andy Heil based on reports by correspondents Aneta Durovic and Predrag Tomovic and other RFE/RL Balkan Service staff

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