Iran supports United Nations efforts to find a peaceful solution to the Ukraine conflict

TEHRAN — Amir Saied Iravani, Iran’s ambassador to the United Nations, on Monday underscored Tehran’s support for United Nations efforts to find a peaceful solution to the Ukraine war.

Iravani issued a statement on the draft UN General Assembly resolution on Ukraine, expressing Iran’s clear, consistent and unwavering position on the ongoing conflict in Ukraine.

“As a founding member of the United Nations, the Islamic Republic of Iran strongly supports the fundamental principles of international law and the purposes and principles of the United Nations as enshrined in its charter.

“Likewise, Iran has long endorsed the Declaration of Legal Principles Concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation between States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and reaffirms the basic principles contained therein, emphasizing in particular that all States should respect their international relations before military ones , political, economic or any other form of coercion directed against the political independence or territorial integrity of a state.

“Regrettably, the same countries that recognize “the importance of maintaining and strengthening international peace based on liberty, equality, justice and respect for human rights and the development of friendly relations among nations, regardless of their political, economic and social systems or their Planes ’emphasize their evolution’ have been, and continue to be, at the forefront of violating those same principles elsewhere,” he explained.

The ambassador suggested that the United Nations should maintain “objectivity and impartiality” to settle the conflict in Ukraine.

“The Islamic Republic of Iran supports the ongoing United Nations efforts to find a peaceful solution to the Ukraine conflict. The United Nations should maintain objectivity and impartiality in order to play a responsible and constructive role in the political resolution of this conflict,” Iravani noted.

He continued: “Draft resolution A/ES-11/L.6 contains languages ​​that do not fall within the purview of the General Assembly because, according to Article 39 of the Charter, the General Assembly has no authority to decide on the existence of an act of aggression. In addition, GA Resolution 3314 of December 14, 1974, based on the same Article of the Charter, requires the Security Council to determine the existence of an act of aggression. We must not tolerate the General Assembly being misused to promote the narrow interests of a group of states, by reducing the role of this august body to a stamp, as this would further undermine multilateralism and the rule of law at the international level. If agreed, the proposed mechanism would make no real contribution to the peaceful resolution of the conflict; rather it would only serve as a political tool in the hands of a group of states.”

The ambassador also expressed Tehran’s displeasure at having double standards when it comes to issues in other parts of the world, such as the conflict in Yemen or the plight of people in Afghanistan and Syria.

“The problem with this is that the main sponsors of this draft resolution, in blatant double standards, apply different criteria in other conflicts in the world such as Syria, Palestine, Afghanistan, Yemen, etc.,” Iravani regretted.

Iravani added: “We share this view that if an international mechanism is to be established to investigate violations of international law caused by government misconduct and to assess its redress, it should be a mechanism with a broad mandate that will examine any case.” International Wrongdoing could be addressed by any state and all incidents and reparations claims, including those arising from international responsibility for military aggression, plunder blockades, unilateral sanctions and occupations, apartheid, and the provision of weapons of mass destruction, including chemical weapons, to brutal regimes such as Saddam Hussein . ”

The ambassador reiterated Tehran’s fierce opposition to any mechanism that could undermine the principle of international law.

“The Islamic Republic of Iran emphasizes the inviolability of the judicial immunities of states and their property, which are generally recognized as a principle of customary international law. The Islamic Republic of Iran hereby expresses its firm objection to any mechanism that might undermine this well-established principle of international law. We would like to state that any action or decision that can be derived from the mechanism mentioned in OP3 and OP4 of the draft resolution has no legal status and is therefore null and void,” the Ambassador concluded.

UN General Assembly considers draft resolution on Afghanistan for the first time

Iravani also issued a statement on the situation in Afghanistan, in which he called the US withdrawal from the war-torn country “irresponsible”.

“This year, the General Assembly will consider the draft resolution for the first time since the irresponsible withdrawal of foreign forces and the Taliban takeover, and the debate comes at a critical juncture in the current situation in Afghanistan, a series of interconnected and overlapping crises.” , Iravani said, adding: “The humanitarian situation is particularly dire. Millions of people live in poverty today. Food insecurity is worsening and human rights violations continue, particularly against women and girls, who are still denied access to education. In the meantime, the de facto authorities have yet to live up to their international obligations.”
After the September 11 attacks, the US invaded Afghanistan to fight terrorism and bring democracy to the country. However, after 20 years of occupation, the US was forced to leave the country in disgrace.

The diplomat added: “The current situation in Afghanistan is a reminder that military interventions in other countries under the pretense of fighting terrorism while bringing democracy, peace and prosperity do not only degrade these common values, but these states and theirs harm people too. This catastrophic situation brings responsibilities and obligations to those foreign forces that have illegally entered and occupied Afghanistan under the guise of counter-terrorism, leaving nothing but devastation in their wake.”

Iravani noted, “Today my delegation will vote in favor of draft resolution L.11 to send a strong message that all members will stand firm and in solidarity with the Afghan people in our efforts to build a peaceful, prosperous and self-reliable country. That was the overarching principle that guided our approach to the negotiations.”

Iran’s top diplomat at the United Nations also reiterated Tehran’s longstanding policy of an inclusive government in Afghanistan to ensure the rights of all Afghan people regardless of their ethnicity, gender or religious background.

“Afghanistan’s future depends largely on the restoration of the country’s constitution and a strong commitment to it. An inclusive government based on an established constitution is the only way to ensure and protect the rights of all Afghan people, including women and girls and linguistic, racial and religious minorities. In a multi-ethnic and diverse society like Afghanistan’s, no single group, party or faction can claim power on its own. The Taliban must address the international community’s repeated calls for the formation of a government that accurately reflects Afghanistan’s multi-ethnic society. The formation of an inclusive government based on an established constitution is a prerequisite and a critical ingredient for international recognition.”

Comments are closed.