Permanent admission of Rohingya refugees is a growing problem for Bangladesh – The Diplomat
On June 23, 2021, during the ninth Moscow Conference on International Security, Bangladesh’s Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina repeated: inquiry for global cooperation to ensure the dignified and peaceful return of Rohingya refugees on the grounds that “they pose an enormous security threat to Bangladesh and the region”. Earlier, on June 16, during a bilateral meeting with the United Nations Special Envoy for Myanmar, Christine Schraner Burgener, at the Permanent Mission of Bangladesh in New York, on June 16, the Foreign Minister of Bangladesh, AK Abdul Momen, said: clear timetable by the UN for the return of Rohingya refugees to Myanmar. Momen said that if the returns did not start soon, it would only worsen the overall situation at Cox’s Bazar, where large numbers of Rohingya are encamped, and create instability in the region and beyond.
Bangladesh’s recent repatriation calls re-raise the unresolved problem of the Rohingya crisis in the broader sense and Dhaka’s growing concern about admission nearly 1.1 million Rohingya, Most of them have been in the country since August 2017, following a military action by Myanmar. in addition, the beginning of a political crisis in Myanmar after the military coup in February 2021 distracted international attention from Rohingya refugees to the domestic political situation of the country. While the solution to the crisis lies in the safe and sustainable return of the Rohingya to Myanmar, It is equally important to acknowledge Bangladesh’s growing concern about the reception of refugees. The continued presence of Rohingya refugees has put pressure on Bangladesh’s resources, creating conflict and insecurity for the locals, which is detrimental to the country’s internal political stability. It also has a negative impact on Bangladesh’s relations with Myanmar.
Rohingya refugees continue to live in Bangladesh amid the uncertainty about repatriation has the ninth highest Population density of the world. They are housed in overcrowded, densely populated camps in the Cox’s Bazar district of the Chittagong Division on the border with Myanmar, supposedly the largest refugee camp in the world. Around 40,000 to 70,000 people per square kilometer live next to each other in camps more than 40 times the average population density of Bangladesh. That makes these camps the most densely populated human settlements on the planet, given a particularly dangerous situation the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the arrival of Rohingya impaired not just the Cox’s Bazaar region, but also the Bangladesh economy. Bangladesh’s economy is estimated there $ 1.21 billion a year of assistance to the Rohingya, and costs may rise with population growth, inflation, and the decline in foreign funding.
Since the arrival of Rohingya refugees, Bangladesh has witnessed a number of demonstrations revolving around refugee issues. There were demonstrations against the persecution of Rohingya refugees by the armed forces of Myanmar and the inability to protect Rohingya rights in their homeland. Protesters, including various influential Islamist and religious groups, have raised their voices and urged the Bangladesh government to sever diplomatic relations with Myanmar To put pressure on them to take back the Rohingya. in addition, on September 15, 2017 after the Rohingya refugee crisis in Myanmar, Hefazat-e-Islam (HeI), an Islamist group, held a nationwide program in which the group’s leaders threatened to launch Jihad against Myanmar to liberate the Rohingya from Rakhine State in Myanmar. The refugees have also demonstrated on many occasions, asserting their right to peaceful protest against the military aggression in Rakhine and against attempts to send them back to Myanmar.
The presence of Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar has created growing tensions between them and the host communities they consider to be outsiders. Many in the host communities believe that with all the help humanitarian organizations give to refugees, their own needs are sidelined. Inflation, increasing poverty and strains on the infrastructure all add to the concerns of the host communities. Sporadic clashes between Rohingya and host communities in the region have been reported on many occasions. Some Rohingya have also committed acts of violence against civilians and armed clashes with law enforcement agencies in Cox’s Bazaar.
Some Rohingya have been reported to be involved Involved in various criminal activities ranging from robbery and kidnapping to smuggling of weapons and drugs in the area. In recent years, Rohingya are the ones too aims of human trafficking networks focused on refugee camps. Nevertheless, the deteriorating security situation in the camps, including the involvement of some refugees in drug smuggling, human trafficking and conflict between refugee groups, is becoming a serious one Government concern. It makes law and order management in the Cox’s Bazar area a daunting challenge.
Bangladesh also has concerns about the Recruiting refugees into extremist networks by forbidden groups such as Hizb-ut Tahrir and Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) and by radical Islamist groups such as HeI. Allegedly the influence of HeI is in the refugee camps growing among frustrated and traumatized Rohingya, which could fuel militancy not only in Bangladesh but throughout the region. In addition, Rohingya militant groups active on the border with Myanmar – such as the Arakan Rohingya Islamic Front (ARIF), the Arakan Rohingya National Organization (ARNO), the Rohingya National Alliance (RNA) and the Rohingya Solidarity Organization ( RSO) – Recruiting refugees, another threat to the internal security of Bangladesh.
In February 2021, Bangladesh decided that it would wouldn’t accept every new Rohingya and conveyed that the country under “no obligation” to. Bangladesh’s domestic constraints on security and political stability prompted the government to seek alternative arrangements for accommodating refugees in the country in the near future.
Bangladesh has been moving since December 2020 Rohingya refugees from Cox’s Bazar to a remote island called Bhashan Char. Since then, about 20,000 Rohingya have so far been relocated to the island. This is the part of 100,000 Rohingya that the government of Bangladesh wants to relocate to relieve the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar. While the government of Bangladesh on the Relocation plan, which began in 2015, others were skeptical of the move in terms of safety and To care for violent resettlement and violation of international human rights obligations. International organizations such as the United Nations, Human Rights Watch and Refugees International have one Stop The island, which emerged from the sea 20 years ago and was never inhabited, is prone to flooding and hurricanes.
ÖOn May 31st, thousands of frustrated Rohingya refugees are staged Protests against the living conditions in the island camp during a visit by UN officials. Some of the demonstrators are said to have become “unruly” and clashed with the police; several refugees were injured. While the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) issued a statement To care about the incident, Bangladesh’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs specified that international media and civil society organizations fought against the resettlement of Bhasan Char and Rohingya with “distorted information that misrepresents the facts”. Aunder such circumstances, the Rohingya find themselves trapped between the eternal suspension the refugee camp and an unsafe home in Myanmar.
At a time when repatriation is still a long way off for most Rohingya refugees, their longer and indefinite stay continues to pose a challenge to the internal stability of Bangladesh. The world community must recognize Bangladesh’s concerns and make concerted efforts to address the challenges related to the complex situation.